In an ideal democracy, representatives would entirely reflect citizens’ views, preferences and wishes in their legislative work. However, real-life democracies do not meet this ideal and citizens’ policy preferences and priorities are mirrored only inadequately.
This book provides new insights on political representation. It is guided by three questions:
Containing contributions from the perspectives of political theory and philosophy, as well as quantitative empirical studies, the volume demonstrates the need to adapt these established questions to new political realities.
This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of political representation and parties, political theory, democratic theory, political philosophy and comparative politics.
1 Introduction Marc Bühlmann and Jan Fivaz 2 A ‘Selection Model’ for Political Representation Jane Mansbridge 3. Beyond Trustees and Delegates Andrew Rehfeld 4 Institutional Constraints and Territorial Representation Audrey André, Sam Depauw and Kris Deschouwer 5 Promises and Lies. An Empirical Comparison of Swiss MPs’ Pre- and Post-Electoral Positions Lisa Schädel, Daniel Schwarz and Andreas Ladner 6 Beyond Congruence Lisa Disch 7 Dimensionality of the European Issue Space Jan Kleinnijenhuis and André Krouwel 8 Representation of Political Opinions: Is the Structuring Pattern of Policy Preferences the Same For Citizens and Elites? Jan Rosset, Georg Lutz and Kathrin Kissau 9 "Alignment of Objectives" Between Parties and Their Electors: The Role of Personal Issue: Salience in Political Representation Nathalie Giger and Zoe Lefkofridi 10 Studying the Voter-Party Match. Congruence and Incongruence Between Voters and Parties Jonas Lefevere, Stefaan Walgrave, Michiel Nuytemans and Koen Pepermans 11 Measuring Representation: Rethinking the Role of Exclusion Suzanne Dovi 12 Conclusion Marc Bühlmann and Jan Fivaz
All political systems are governed by ruling elites – presidents, prime ministers, ministers, civil servants, judges, mayors and councillors all play important roles in running our lives, while beyond the state people are picked to run international organizations. Social elites, such as global business or media tycoons, religious or ethnic leaders, play a major role influencing public policy. The books in this series examine all such political and social elites within local, national and international arenas. We are interested in theoretical and empirical analyses of elites. Whilst elites have been studied in the past, modern computing and electronic data-collection facilities mean that for the first time comprehensive information on the personal characteristics of elites, including factors such as birthplace, age, and social and educational background, can relatively easily be gathered. We can explore the ways in which people enter the elite, the networks they form and the policies they effect. Modern techniques open up exciting opportunities to examine our governors, their actions and interactions in more detail than ever before.