The latest volume of the Political and Military Sociology annual review features empirical research on topics that focus on security, military training, culture, and the challenges of bureaucracy, law, and violence in democracies. The articles cover an impressive geographic range from Europe to Africa and to the Middle East.
Two essays address threats to democratic polities by corrupt governmental and legal institutions and by electoral violence and intimidation. The first argues that a culture of "dualism" in Greece helps produce problems. The second analyzes the power of military student fraternities in Nigeria, arguing that democracy is threatened by these organizations.
Two contributors then address the security and military challenges in Iraq. The first argues that successful military advisors must play dual roles as both peacekeeper-diplomats and warriors. The second poses that Iraqi government policies privileging the Shia population have alienated other groups—and helped support for groups such as ISIS. The final essay analyzes the acculturation of new soldiers to Zimbabwean military life through the training experiences of recruits.
The volume also includes reviews of recent books on military and security matters.
Table of Contents
Volume 44, 2016
Jonathan Swarts and Neovi M. Karakatsanis
In Memoriam: George A. Kourvetaris
Cultural Attributes and Legal "No-Man's-Land" in Greece Constantine P. Danopoulos
Violent Fraternities and Garrison Politics in Nigeria's Fourth Republic: Lessons from the "University of the South" Ifeanyi Ezeonu
Defining Success in the Military Advising Mission Remi M. Hajjar
The Privatization of Civil-Security Sector Relations and the Struggle for Public Security in Iraq Andreas Krieg
On Entering the Military Organization: Decivilianization, Depersonalization, Order, and Command in the Zimbabwe National Army Godfrey Maringira
Talking about Torture: How Political Discourse Shapes the Debate Reviewed by Stephanie Athey
Waging War, Planning Peace: U.S. Noncombat Operations and Major Wars Reviewed by Liam Collins
The Markets for Force: Privatization of Security Across World Regions Reviewed by Renee de Nevers
Conscientious Objectors in Israel: Citizenship, Sacrifice, Trials of Fealty Reviewed by Dan Lainer-Vos
Generation Vet: Composition, Student-Veterans,and the Post-9/11 University Reviewed by Lisa Lebdusksa
The American Way of Bombing: Changing Ethical and Legal Norms, From Flying Fortresses to Drones Reviewed by Valerie Morkeviius
In This Issue