This is a collection of thirteen major essays on eighteenth-century Russia by one of the most distinguished Western historians. They illustrate and explore three major themes: the development of the Russian state and Russian society, in the years when Russia was changing from a minor power on the European periphery to a major actor on the continental stage; the influence of western ideas and western thought on Russian politics and culture; and the impact of the Enlightenment on Russia. This is a substantial contribution not just to the history of Russia, but to early modern Europe generally.
Part One: Russian Government and Society.
1. Tsar into Emperor:the title of Peter the Great.
2. Autocracy and Sovereignty.
3. Portrait of an Eighteenth-Century Russian Statesman: Prince Dmitry Mikhaylovich Golitsyn.
4. The Eighteenth-Century Origin of Russian Civil Rights.
Part Two: Social and Administrative Problems.
5. Penal Policy in the Age of Catherine II.
6. Catherine and the Serfs: A Reconstruction of Some Problems.
7. Freemasonry in Eighteenth-Century Russian Society.
8. The Foundation of the Russian Educational System by Catherine II.
Part Three: Catherine II, Russian society and the world of ideas.
9. Catherine the Great.
10. Catherine and the Philosophes.
11. Catherine and Montesquieu: Between M.M. Shcherbatovand Denis Diderot.
12. The Enlightenment in Russia.
13. The Role of Catherine II in the Literacy Life of Russia.