The globally spreading privatisation wave that occurred in the 1990s deeply changed the structure of economic institutions worldwide. This turmoil overturned not only economic institutions, but shared cultural and societal institutions as well.
This book is the result of an investigation into the history of the privatisation of the steel industry in Italy, completed between 1994 and 1995. It explores the history of the Italian steel industry by looking at the interplay of local intertwined interests, political relations, and ideological formations that characterised an idiosyncratic hegemonic historical bloc. Rather than stigmatising this pattern as the legacy of a dysfunctional provincialism, the authors mobilise Gramsci’s theory of hegemony to explain how the Italian privatisation process unfolded to accommodate economic pressures, political interests, and ideological constraints of a hegemonic social group, or aggregation of social groups. Thus, in reconstructing the privatisation of Italian steel, this book proposes a hegemony theory of privatisation and, more generally, describes a model that explains how political and cultural dynamics give rise to idiosyncratic local variations in globally spreading policies.
It will be of interest to researchers, academics, and students in the fields of business history, economics, sociology, and political science.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Institutional Theory 3. Gramscian Theory on Hegemony 4. Methodology 5. Latent Meaning Spaces 6. Fragmentation of the Historical Bloc 7. Settlement of the Historical Bloc 8. Stabilisation 9. Conclusion
Edoardo Mollona is full professor of business ethics and corporate strategy in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Bologna, Italy.
Luca Pareschi is Assistant Professor at "Tor Vergata", University of Rome, Italy.