Why do some economies seem to excel at effective pollution management while others miss the mark when responding to deteriorating urban environments? These studies of pollution management in East Asia's newly industrialized economies (NIEs) include successful government responses in Singapore and Taiwan, qualified results in China and Indonesia, and much more limited success in Thailand and Malaysia. In each example, Michael Rock considers the starting point of the economy as it began its path toward industrialization in the post World War II period. He discusses the relevant historical and political context, the pressures placed on the political system from domestic and international sources, and the influence of ongoing trends in East Asia for democratization and economic liberalization. Rock's text makes it clear that each economy found unique, innovative ways to link environmental protection to its own political and economic institutions. Thus, while public pressure from both home and abroad gave strong impetus to successful programs in Taiwan, the development of policy in Singapore involved limited public review and a centralized, government-led process. The result of Rock's scholarship is a book that provides important lessons without being reductionist. The book offers insights to apply to pollution management in a diverse range of developing nations, but avoids attempts for precise prescriptions, or universally appealing, normative answers. A copublication of Resources for the Future and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS).
'A magnificent study… What makes it so special is the author?s ability to weave together technological, economic, and political analysis. Compelling reading for anyone interested in development environment interactions or Asian politics and economics.' Robert Hunter Wade, London School of Economics 'The best, most up-to-date discussion of what happened with respect to pollution control in the East Asian NIEs over the past three decades.' David P. Angel, Clark University
Preface 1. Pollution Management Strategies in East Asian NIEs 2. Integrating Pollution Management into Industrial Policymaking in Singapore 3. Democratization, Industrial Policy, and Pollution Management in Taiwan 4. Searching for Creative Solutions to Pollution in Indonesia 5. Improving the Environmental Performance of China's Cities with Fei Yu and Chongua Zhang 6. Pollution Management in Malaysia and Thailand 7. Comparing NIEs' Experiences with Controlling Pollution Bibliography Index