Polymer Chemistry: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Polymer Chemistry

2nd Edition

By Paul C. Hiemenz, Timothy P. Lodge

CRC Press

608 pages | 400 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781574447798
pub: 2007-02-15
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Description

“Highly recommended!” – CHOICE

New Edition Offers Improved Framework for Understanding Polymers

Written by well-established professors in the field, Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition provides a well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level. It focuses on fundamental principles based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties.

Consistent with the previous edition, the authors emphasize the logical progression of concepts, rather than presenting just a catalog of facts. The book covers topics that appear prominently in current polymer science journals. It also provides mathematical tools as needed, and fully derived problems for advanced calculations. This new edition integrates new theories and experiments made possible by advances in instrumentation. It adds new chapters on controlled polymerization and chain conformations while expanding and updating material on topics such as catalysis and synthesis, viscoelasticity, rubber elasticity, glass transition, crystallization, solution properties, thermodynamics, and light scattering.

Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advanced courses in chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering.

Reviews

"Written by well-established professors in the field, Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition, provides a well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level. It focuses on fundamental principals based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties . . . Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advances courses in chemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering."

– In Memoriile sectiilor Stiintifice, 2007, Vol. 30, No. 4

". . . suitable for undergraduate or graduate students, and also for year-long course sequences. The chapters contain excellent worked-out problems as well as end-of-chapter problems, and include numerous figures, illustrations, and chemical sequences showing monomers and polymers. Summing Up: Highly Recommended."

– P. G. Heiden, Michigan Technological University, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, August 2007, Vol. 44, No. 11

Table of Contents

Introduction to Chain Molecules

Introduction

How Big is Big?

Linear and Branched Polymers, Homopolymers, and Copolymers

Addition, Condensation, and Natural Polymers

Polymer Nomenclature

Structural Isomerism

Molecular Weights and Molecular Weight Averages

Measurement of Molecular Weight

Preview of Things to Come

Step-Growth Polymerization

Introduction

Condensation Polymers: One Step at a Time

Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization

Distribution of Molecular Sizes

Polyesters

Polyamides

Stoichiometric Imbalance

Chain-Growth polymerization

Introduction

Chain-Growth and Step-Growth Polymerizations: Some Comparisons

Initiation

Termination

Propagation

Radical Lifetime

Distribution of Molecular Weights

Chain Transfer

Controlled Polymerization

Introduction

Poisson Distribution for an Ideal Living Polymerization

Anionic Polymerization

Block Copolymers, End-Functional Polymers, and Branched Polymers by Anionic Polymerization

Cationic Polymerization

Controlled Radical Polymerization

Polymerization Equilibrium

Ring-Opening Polymerization (ROP)

Dendrimers

Copolymers, Microstructure, and Stereoregularity

Introduction

Copolymer Composition

Reactivity Ratios

Resonance and Reactivity

A Closer Look at Microstructure

Copolymer Composition and Microstructure: Experimental Aspects

Characterizing Stereoregularity

A Statistical Description of Stereoregularity

Assessing Stereoregularity by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Ziegler-Natta Catalysts

Single-Site Catalysts

Polymer Conformations

Conformations, Bond Rotation, and Polymer Size

Average End-to-End Distance for Model Chains

Characteristic Ratio and Statistical Segment Length

Semiflexible Chains and the Persistence Length

Radius of Gyration

Spheres, Rods, and Coils

Distributions for End-to-End Distance and Segment Density

Self-Avoiding Chains: A First Look

Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions

Review of Thermodynamic and Statistical Thermodynamic Concepts

Regular Solution Theory

Flory-Huggins Theory

Osmotic Pressure

Phase Behavior of Polymer Solutions

What's in c?

Excluded Volume and Chains in a Good Solvent

Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions

Introduction: Light Waves

Basic Concepts of Scattering

Scattering by an Isolated Small Molecule

Scattering from a Dilute Polymer Solution

The Form Factor and the Zimm Equation

Scattering Regimes and Particular Form Factors

Experimental Aspects of Light Scattering

Dynamics of Dilute Polymer Solutions

Introduction: Friction and Viscosity

Stokes' Law and Einstein's Law

Intrinsic Viscosity

Measurement of Viscosity

Diffusion Coefficient and Friction Factor

Dynamic Light Scattering

Hydrodynamic Interactions and Draining

Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC)

Networks, Gels, and Rubber Elasticity

Formation of Networks by Random Cross-Linking

Polymerization with Multifunctional Monomers

Elastic Deformation

Thermodynamics of Elasticity

Statistical Mechanical Theory of Rubber Elasticity: Ideal Case

Further Developments in Rubber Elasticity

Swelling of Gels

Linear Viscoelasticity

Basic Concepts

The Response of the Maxwell and Voigt Elements

Boltzmann Superposition Principle

Bead-Spring Model

Zimm Model for Dilute Solutions, Rouse Model for Unentangled Melts

Phenomenology of Entanglement

Reptation Model

Aspects of Experimental Rheometry

Glass Transition

Introduction

Thermodynamics Aspects of the Glass Transition

Locating the Glass Transition Temperature

Free Volume Description of the Glass Transition

Time–Temperature Superposition

Factors that Affect the Glass Transition Temperature

Mechanical Properties of Glassy Polymers

Crystalline Polymers

Introduction and Overview

Structure and Characterization of Unit Cells

The Thermodynamics of Crystallization: Relation of Melting Temperature to Molecular Structure

Structure and Melting of Lamellae

Kinetics of Nucleation and Growth

Morphology of Semicrystalline Polymers

The Kinetics of Bulk Crystallization

Appendix

*Each Chapter contains a Chapter Summary and Problems

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers