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1st Edition

Polymer Glasses




ISBN 9781498711876
Published December 21, 2016 by CRC Press
556 Pages - 16 Color & 30 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

"the present book will be of great value for both newcomers to the field and mature active researchers by serving as a coherent and timely introduction to some of the modern approaches, ideas, results, emerging understanding, and many open questions in this fascinating field of polymer glasses, supercooled liquids, and thin films"
–Kenneth S. Schweizer, Morris Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (from the Foreword)

This book provides a timely and comprehensive overview of molecular level insights into polymer glasses in confined geometries and under deformation. Polymer glasses have become ubiquitous to our daily life, from the polycarbonate eyeglass lenses on the end of our nose to large acrylic glass panes holding water in aquarium tanks, with advantages over glass in that they are lightweight and easy to manufacture, while remaining transparent and rigid. The contents include an introduction to the field, as well as state of the art investigations. Chapters delve into studies of commonalities across different types of glass formers (polymers, small molecules, colloids, and granular materials), which have enabled microscopic and molecular level frameworks to be developed. The authors show how glass formers are modeled across different systems, thereby leading to treatments for polymer glasses with first-principle based approaches and molecular level detail. Readers across disciplines will benefit from this topical overview summarizing the key areas of polymer glasses, alongside an introduction to the main principles and approaches.

Table of Contents

What Makes Polymer Glasses Unique?

Fundamental of Polymers and Glasses
Connie B. Roth and Roman R. Baglay

Structural Recovery and Physical Aging of Polymeric Glasses
Sindee L. Simon and Gregory B. McKenna

Glass Transition and Relaxation Behavior of Supercooled Polymer Melts: An Introduction to Modeling Approaches by Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Jörg Baschnagel, Ivan Kriuchevskyi, Julian Helfferich, Céline Ruscher, Hendrik Meyer, Olivier Benzerara, Jean Farago, and Joachim P. Wittmer

Thermo-Mechanical Signatures of Polymeric Glasses
James M. Caruthers and Grigori A. Medvedev

Polymer Glasses in Confinement

Correlating Glass Transition and Physical Aging in Polymer Films
Connie B. Roth, Justin E. Pye, and Roman R. Baglay

Mechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of Polymer Thin Films and Surfaces
Gregory B. McKenna and Meiyu Zhai

Glassy and Aging Dynamics in Polymer Films Investigated by Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy
Koji Fukao

Cooperative Motion as an Organizing Principle for Relaxation in Supported Thin Polymer Films
Paul Z. Hanakata, Beatriz A. Pazmino Betancourt, Jack F. Douglas, and Francis W. Starr

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Nano-Composites Close to the Glass Transition
Alain Dequidt, Didier R. Long, Samy Merabia, and Paul Sotta

Polymer Glasses Under Deformation

A Molecular Perspective on the Yield and Flow of Polymer Glasses: The Role of Enhanced Segmental Dynamics during Active Deformation
Mark D. Ediger and Kelly Hebert

Local Relaxation, Aging, and Memory of Polymer Glasses at Rest and Under Stress
Jörg Rottler

Experiments-Inspired Molecular Modeling of Yielding and Failure of Polymer Glasses Under Large Deformation
Shi-Qing Wang and Shiwang Cheng

Modeling Strain Hardening in Polymer Glasses Using Molecular Simulations
Robert S. Hoy

A Comparison of Constitutive Descriptions of the Thermo-Mechanical Behavior of Polymeric Glasses
Grigori A. Medvedev and James M. Caruthers

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Editor(s)

Biography

Connie B. Roth is currently an Associate Professor of Physics at Emory University, as well as the Director of Graduate Studies for the Physics Doctoral program. She received her Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Physics from the University of Guelph, Canada. Her interest in polymers stems from her time working at Xerox Research Centre of Canada (XRCC) during summers while pursuing her B.Sc. in Physics at McMaster University in Canada. Following postdoctoral positions at Simon Frazier University, Vancouver, and Northwestern University, Chicago, Dr. Roth joined Emory’s faculty in 2007. Prof. Roth’s research lab studies the physical and mechanical properties of polymer glasses near interfaces, as well as the effects of stress, temperature, and miscibility. She has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award, American Chemical Society PRF Doctoral New Investigator grant, and was the 2009 recipient of the Division of Polymer Physics (DPOLY) / United Kingdom Polymer Physics Group (UKPPG) Polymer Lecture Exchange by the American Physical Society.

Reviews

"the present book will be of great value for both newcomers to the field and mature active researchers by serving as a coherent and timely introduction to some of the modern approaches, ideas, results, emerging understanding, and many open questions in this fascinating field of polymer glasses, supercooled liquids, and thin films"
–Kenneth S. Schweizer, Morris Professor of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (from the Foreword)