1st Edition

Post-Earthquake Fire Analysis in Urban Structures
Risk Management Strategies




ISBN 9781498743914
Published October 20, 2016 by CRC Press
356 Pages 12 Color & 195 B/W Illustrations

USD $170.00

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Book Description

Post-earthquake fire is one of the most complicated problems resulting from earthquakes and presents a serious risk to urban structures. Most standards and codes ignore the possibility of post-earthquake fire; thus it is not factored in when determining the ability of buildings to withstand load.

This book describes the effects of post-earthquake fire on partially damaged buildings located in seismic urban regions. The book quantifies the level of associated post-earthquake fire effects, and discusses methods for mitigating the risk at both the macro scale and micro scale. The macro scale strategies address urban regions while the micro scale strategies address building structures, covering both existing buildings and those that are yet to be designed.

Table of Contents

 

Introduction to post-earthquake fire

Introduction

Historical information about post-earthquake fires

PEF simulation at regional scale

Performance-based approach

Introduction

Performance-based versus prescriptive-based codes

Performance-based seismic design

Performance-based fire safety design

Performance-based approach to post-earthquake fire

Fire definition

Introduction

Design fire

Heat transfer and materials behavior under elevated temperature

Introduction

Heat transfer basics

The effect of elevated temperature on concrete and steel

Seismic analysis

Introduction

Linear analyses

Nonlinear analyses

Post-earthquake fire analysis in structures

Introduction

PEF modeling of conventional structures

Nonlinear sequential analysis

The behavior of RC portal frames under PEF loading

The behavior of multi-story RC structures under natural fires

The effect of vertically traveling fire on tall RC Structures

The effect of horizontally traveling fire on multi-story RC structures

The behavior of moment-resisting steel structures under standard and natural fires

Behavior of tall steel structures under vertically traveling fire

Behavior of tall steel structures under horizontally traveling fire

Response of vertically irregular tall moment-resisting frames under fire

Risk management strategies for post-earthquake fire

Introduction

Risk management strategies

Risk mitigation of PEFs: macro-scale strategies

Risk mitigation of PEFs: mesoscopic strategies

Risk mitigation of PEF: building-scale strategies

Postscript and final remarks

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Behrouz Behnan completed his BSc in Civil Engineering in 1995 from Amirkabir University of Technology in Iran. He has been researching in the field of structural engineering since he started his MSc in 2004. In his MSc, he proposed a methodology in order to assess the damaged state of seismic regions urbanised by both old and new buildings when exposed to earthquake loads. He then wrote a number of journal and conference papers to introduce the methodology. During his PhD and afterward, Dr Behnam has been focused on the effect of post-earthquake fire (PEF) loads on urban structures. In order to simulate the PEF, he proposed a methodology named sequential analysis and has widely investigated the behavior of various structures under PEF. He has also proposed a few methods in order to mitigate the effects of PEF on conventional structures. From 2012 to 2014, Dr Behnam has published more than 28 journal and conference papers about PEF. He is now an assistant professor at Amirkabir University of Technology and associate researcher in Structural Retrofit Research Group at the University of Queensland. He is also director and editorial board member of the Journal of Iranian Society of Civil Engineers.

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Author - Behrouz  Behnam
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Behrouz Behnam

Assistant Professor, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
Tehran, Tehran, Iran

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