This book explores connections between activist debates about food sovereignty and academic debates about alternative food networks. The ethnographic case studies demonstrate how divergent histories and geographies of people-in-place open up or close off possibilities for alternative/sovereign food spaces, illustrating the globally uneven and varied development of industrial capitalist food networks and of everyday forms of subversion and accommodation. How, for example, do relations between alternative food networks and mainstream industrial capitalist food networks differ in places with contrasting histories of land appropriation, trade, governance and consumer identities to those in Europe and non-indigenous spaces of New Zealand or the United States? How do indigenous populations negotiate between maintaining a sense of moral connectedness to their agri- and acqua-cultural landscapes and subverting, or indeed appropriating, industrial capitalist approaches to food? By delving into the histories, geographies and everyday worlds of (post)colonial peoples, the book shows how colonial power relations of the past and present create more opportunities for some alternative producer–consumer and state–market–civil society relations than others.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Melissa L. Caldwell
Introduction: sovereign food spaces? Openings and closures Marisa Wilson
1 Rethinking ‘alternative’: Māori and food sovereignty in Aotearoa New Zealand Carolyn Morris and Stephen Fitzherbert
2 Indigenous foodways in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh: an alternative-additional food network H M Ashraf Ali and Helen Vallianatos
3 Justice for the salmon: indigenous ways of life as a critical resource in envisioning alternative futures Sophia Woodman and Charles R. Menzies
4 Food sovereignty, permaculture and the postcolonial politics of knowledge in El Salvador Naomi Millner
5 Possibilities for alternative peasant trajectories through gendered food practices in the Office du Niger Nicolette Larder
6 Local food, imported food, and the failures of community gardening initiatives in Nauru Amy K. Mclennan
7 Cuban exceptionalism? A genealogy of postcolonial food networks in the Caribbean Marisa Wilson
Afterword Peter Jackson
Marisa Wilson is Chancellor’s Fellow in the Institute of Geography, School of GeoSciences at the University of Edinburgh, UK.