1st Edition

Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland
Transformation, Symbolic Form and National Identity



  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after December 13, 2020
ISBN 9780367860721
December 13, 2020 Forthcoming by Routledge
240 Pages 106 B/W Illustrations

USD $160.00

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Book Description

Garish churches, gabled panel blocks, neo-historical tenements – the book is about these and other architectural oddities that emerged in Poland between 1975 and 1989, a period characterised by the decline of the authoritarian socialist regime and waves of political protest. During that period, committed architects defied repressive politics and persistent shortage, and designed houses and churches, which adapted eclectic historical forms and geometric volumes, and were based on traditional typologies.
 
These buildings show a very different background of postmodernism, far removed from the debates over Robert Venturi, Philip Johnson or Prince Charles in Western Europe and North America—a context in which postmodern architecture stood not for world-weary irony in an economically saturated society, but for individualized counterpropositions to a collectivist ideology, for a yearning for truth and spiritual values, and for a discourse on distinctiveness and national identity.
 
Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland argues that this new architecture marked the beginning of socio-political transformation and at the same time showed postmodernism’s reconciliatory potential. In light of massive historical ruptures and wartime destruction, these buildings successfully responded to the contradictory desires for historical continuity and acknowledgment of rupture and loss. Next to international ideas, the architects took up domestic traditions, such as the ideas of the Polish school of historic conservation and long-standing national-patriotic narratives. They thus contributed to the creation of a built environment and intellectual climate that have been influential to date.

This book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in postmodern architecture and urban design, as well as in the socio-cultural background and transformative potential of architecture under socialism. 

Table of Contents

Introduction

Postmodern Architecture Across the Iron Curtain

Architectural Innovation Under a Weakening Authoritarian Regime

Private Houses and Small Cooperatives

Sacred Architecture and the Influence of the Catholic Church

Methodology

Literature

Chapter Structure

Chapter 1: Architectural Debates in Late Socialist Poland

Poland around 1980

International Postmodernism and the Polish Discourse

The Polish School of Historic Conservation

In Search for Truth

Expressing National Identity

The Post-functionalist City

Chapter 2: Churches, Semiotics and Patriotism

The Ascension Church in Warsaw-Ursynów

A House of Prayer in a Socialist Complex

Semiotics and Patriotism

Resourcing "Outside the Plan"

Łazienkowska Street Church, Warsaw

Immaculate Heart of Mary in Śródborów near Warsaw

Our Lady Revealing the Miraculous Medal, Zakopane

Our Lady Queen of Poland, Głogów

St Jadwiga, Kraków

Seminary of the Resurrectionist Congregation, Kraków

The Postmodern Church and the Functionalist Block

Chapter 3: Bottom-Up Village Churches

Neo-historicism in the Countryside

St Lucia in Rembertów: Pastiche Deconstructivism

St Michael the Archangel in Kamion: Neo-historicism as Criminal Offence

St Francis of Assisi in Mierzowice: A Neo-medieval "Decorated Shed"

Church Building and Disobedience

Traditional and Forward-looking

Chapter 4: Postmodern Mass Housing Complexes

Humanising the Housing Complex

Łódź-Radogoszcz-East and the Spirit of Structuralism

Łódź-Rojna and the Customised Panel House

Poznań-Różany Potok and the Revised Modernist City Extension

Kraków-Na Skarpie and the International Context

Postmodern Mass Housing

Chapter 5: Postmodernism from the Spirit of Historic Conservation – The New Old Town of Elbląg

A Postmodern Old Town

Rebuilding Through the Backdoor

The Unrealised Neo-historical Panel Plan

Elbląg Old Town and the Nikolaiviertel in East Berlin

Postmodernism from the Spirit of Historic Conservation

Momentum at the National Level

Fledgling Market Capitalism

The Realised House-by-House Design

Completing the Old Town of Gdańsk

Postmodern Reconciliation

Chapter 6: The Urban Context

Warsaw Infills

The Ursynów Arcades in Warsaw

Socialist Gentrification in Wrocław

“Tooth fillings” in Łódź

Historical Pastiche in Kraków

Medieval Gables in Upper Silesia

New Urbanism in Zielone Wzgórza near Poznań

Conclusion

Bridging Contradictory Desires

Beyond Compliance and Dissidence

Increasing Individual Agency

National Narratives

Symbolic Representation of Community

Urban Regeneration

Postmodernism Across the Eastern Bloc

Postmodern Architecture, International Exchange, and Fluid Meaning

Pronunciation of Polish Names

Index of Buildings

Index of Architects

Index of Subjects

 

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Author(s)

Biography

Florian Urban is Professor of Architectural History, and Head of History of Architectural and Urban Studies at the Glasgow School of Art. He was born and raised in Munich, Germany, and holds a Master of Fine Arts from the University of the Arts in Berlin, an MA in Urban Planning from UCLA and a Ph.D. in History and Theory of Architecture from MIT. He is the author, among others, of Neo-historical East Berlin – Architecture and Urban Design in the German Democratic Republic 1970-1990 (Ashgate, 2009), Tower and Slab – Histories of Global Mass Housing (Routledge, 2012), and The New Tenement – Architecture in the Inner City since 1970 (Routledge 2018). In 2018/19 he was a research fellow at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw.

Reviews

"In Postmodern Architecture in Socialist Poland Florian Urban creates a complex view of Polish architecture of the 1980s. The author guides the readers through New Old Towns and prefabricated residential areas, prestigious sacral objects and the rural bottom-up churches. He goes beyond a dry description of listed buildings, establishing them in a wide context of socio-political changes. Urban proves that, although naming it as "architecture of resistance" will be a simplification, postmodern architecture under the declining socialist regime was an agent of transformation."

Dr. Błażej Ciarkowski, Lodz University of Technology

"In this compelling new book, Florian Urban casts a completely new light on postmodern architecture, hitherto widely disparaged as a frivolous creation of American and Western European fashion-stylists working in an unholy alliance with neo-capitalist reactionaries. He shows how, semi-detached from Western postmodernism’s discourses of playful irony, a postmodernism of a different and altogether more socially embedded kind was able to emerge in a country such as Poland, where it significantly helped in the process of reconciliation following the traumatic ruptures of the 20th century."

Miles Glendinning, The University of Edinburgh

"Florian Urban describes the most interesting and important architectural implementations of Polish postmodernism by putting them into the wide context of political and economic changes in Poland in the 1980s and 1990s. It makes this book on architecture not only about buildings but also economic and social phenomena that are crucial for the end of the 20th century."

Anna Cymer, Architecture historian, author of "Architecture in Poland 1945 – 1989"