In the mid-1990s, the formerly pliant Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) was transformed into an active opposition party by Megawati Sukarnoputri (now President of Indonesia). The subsequent backlash from the Suharto regime ultimately led to its downfall.
Table of Contents
1. Questions and Perspectives 2. Parties and Political Culture in 20th Century Indonesia 3. The Foundations of New Order Political Culture 4. From Merger to Nadir: The PDI 1973-86 5. Pancasila Democracy and Sukarno Revival in the 1987 Election 6. Openness and the Turn to Opposition (1987-92) 7. A Populist Opposition? The PDI in the 1992 Election 8. Challenging the New Order: The 1993 MPR Session 9. The Democratic Party and Party Democracy 10. The PDI under Megawati 11. The Deposing of Megawati 12. From the 1997 Election to the Fall of Suharto 13. Conclusion