Practical Applications of GIS for Archaeologists: A Predictive Modelling Toolkit, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Practical Applications of GIS for Archaeologists

A Predictive Modelling Toolkit, 1st Edition

Edited by Konnie L. Wescott, R. Joe Brandon

CRC Press

176 pages

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Paperback: 9780748408306
pub: 1999-12-23
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Description

The use of GIS is the most powerful technology introduced to archaeology since the introduction of carbon 14 dating. The most widespread use of this technology has been for the prediction of archaeological site locations. This book focuses on the use of GIS for archaeological predictive modeling. The contributors include internationally recognized researchers who have been at the forefront of this revolutionary integration of GIS and archaeology, as well as first generation researchers who have begun to critically apply this new technology and explore its theoretical implications.

Table of Contents

Introduction, K.L. Wescott

A PREDICTIVE MODEL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE LOCATION IN THE EASTERN PRAIRIE PENINSULA, R.E. Warren and D.L. Asch

Introduction

Predictive Modeling

Materials and Methods

Results

Discussion and Conclusions

THE APPLICATION OF GIS PREDICTIVE SITE LOCATION MODELS WITHIN PENNSYLVANIA AND WEST VIRGINIA, R.B. Duncan and K.A. Beckman

Introduction

Background

Predictive Model Development

Additional GIS Predictive Models

Discussion

Conclusion

USING A GIS TO MODEL PREHISTORIC SITE DISTRIBUTIONS IN THE UPPER CHESAPEAKE BAY, K.L. Wescott and J.A. Kuiper

Introduction

Aberdeen Proving Ground

The Model

Results

Protecting Cultural Resources through Forest Management Planning in Ontario Using Archaeological Predictive Modeling, L.D. Bona

Introduction

Background

Modeling Methodology

Model Research and Development

Pilot Projects

Oil and Water Can Mix! Integrating Archaeology into Forest Management Planning

Summary

CONSIDERATION OF SCALE IN MODELING SETTLEMENT PATTERNS USING GIS: AN IROQUOIS EXAMPLE, K.M. Sydoriak Allen

Introduction

Spatial Scale and Kind of Problems

Global, Regional, and Local Views of the Iroquoian World

GIS and Spatial Scale: Global, Regional, and Local Views

Central New York Region: Regional and Local

Conclusions

CONSTRUCTION OF DIGITAL ELEVATION MODELS FOR ARCHAEOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, J.B. Hageman and D.A. Bennett

Introduction

Why Should the Archeaologist Care about Interpolation?

What is Interpolation?

Selecting the Interpolation Algorithm

A Belizean Case Study

Conclusion

THE STATE OF THE ART IN "INDUCTIVE" PREDICTIVE MODELING: SEVEN BIG MISTAKES (AND LOTS OF LITTLE ONES), J.L. Ebert

Introduction

GIS and Revulutionizing Predictive Modeling

Predictive Modeling Predicts and Models the Past

What We Want to Predict is Site Location

Proximity to Environmental Variables in Important

Maps Contain Environmental Variables

Map Data is Inaccurate

The Accuracy of Inductive Predictive Models Can be Determined

GIS APPLICATIONS IN ARCHAEOLOGY: METHOD IN SEARCH OF THEORY, T. Church, R.J. Brandon, and G.R. Burgett

Current Use of GIS in Archaeology

Correlative Predictive Models

The Resource Landscape

An Alternative: Explanatory Models from a Landscape Perspective

Tools to Tackle Landscapes

The Temporal Dimension

Scale and Grain

The Role of Climate

Geomorphological Processes and their Impact

Concluding Remarks

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC003000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Archaeology
TEC036000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems