Practical Atlas for Bacterial Identification: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Practical Atlas for Bacterial Identification

2nd Edition

By D. Roy Cullimore

CRC Press

327 pages | 128 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420087970
pub: 2010-03-17
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429144530
pub: 2010-03-17
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Published nearly ten years ago, the first edition of Practical Atlas for Bacterial Identification broke new ground with the wealth of detail and breadth of information it provided. The second edition is poised to do the same. Differing fundamentally from the first edition, this book begins by introducing the concept of bacteria community intelligence as reflected in corrosion, plugging, and shifts in the quality parameters in the product whether it be water, gas, oil, or even air. It presents a new classification system for bacterial communities based upon their effect and activities, and not their composition.

The book represents a radical departure from the classical reductionist identification of bacteria dominated by genetic and biochemical analyses of separated strains. The author takes a holistic approach based on form, function, and habitat of communities (consorms) of bacteria in real environments. He uses factors related to the oxidation-reduction potential at the site where the consorm is active and the viscosity of the bound water within that consorm to position their community structures within a two-dimensional bacteriological positioning system (BPS) that then allows the functional role to be defined. This book has an overarching ability to define bacterial activities as consorms in a very effective and applied manner useful to an applied audience involved in bacterial challenges.

Organized for ease of use, the book allows readers to start with the symptom, uncover the bacterial activities, and then indentify the communities distinctly enough to allow management and control practices that minimize the damage. The broad spectrum approach, new to this edition, lumps compatible bacteria together into a relatively harmonious consortia that share a common primary purpose. It gives a big picture view of the role of bacteria not as single strains but collectively as communities and uses this information to provide key answers to common bacterial problems.

Table of Contents

Bacterial Communities by Location and Function

Introduction to Layering of Bacterial Communities

Factors Significantly Influencing Bacterial Activities and Nutrient Cycles

Bacteria: Human Perspectives

Common Bacteriologically Initiated Events

Historical Overview

Challenges of Classifying “Unculturables"

Evolutionary Trends toward Bacterial Diversity

Two-Dimensional Grid Definition of Bacterial Communities

Establishment of Grid Location Points for Bacterial Atlas

Summary of Bacterial Community Grid Positioning Atlas Principles

Bacteria Are Everywhere

Classification of Alpha Groups of Bacterial Consorms

Historical Overview

Definitions of Alpha-Based Bacterial Consortia

Alpha One: Bionucleating Dispersed Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 22-04]

Alpha Two: Organic Bioconcreting Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 22-16]

Alpha Three: Inorganic Bioconcreting Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 13-21)

Alpha Four: Carbon-Reducing Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 06-27]

Alpha Five: Carbon-Oxidizing Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 13-07]

Alpha Six: Hyperbaric Dispersed Bionucleating Consorms [FPL (FMV:FCP) 01-03]


Preliminary Differentiation of Alpha Bacterial Consorms


Alpha One: Bionucleating Dispersed Consorms (FPL 1, 22-04)

Alpha Two: Organic Bionucleating Consorms (FPL 2, 22-16)

Alpha Three: Inorganic Bionucleating Consorms (FPL 3, 13-21)

Alpha Four: Carbon-Reducing Consorms (FPL 4, 06-27)

Alpha Five: Carbon-Oxidizing Consorms (FPL 5, 13-07)

Alpha Six: Hyperbaric Dispersed Bionucleating Consorms (FPL 6 – 01-03)

Environmental Dynamics of Bacterial Consorms


Defining Bacteriologically Dominated Consorms

Categorization of Consorms

Bacterial Consormial Challenges


Identification of Consorms

Determining Probability of Consormial Activity

Symptoms of Consormial Intrusions

Quantification of Consormial Intrusions into Environment

Causes and Effects of Consorm Intrusions in Impacted Environment

Consorm Sampling Protocols

Detailed Identification of Bacterial Consorms


Defining Bacterial Consorms by Form, Function, and Habitat

Biochemical Methods for Identification of Consorms


Determination of Consormial Activity by ATP Analysis

RASI Protocol for Determining Potential ATP Activity

Identifying Bacterial Consorms Using BART


Development of BART to Determine Bacterial Activity


Red Cap: Iron-Related Bacteria (IRB BART)

Black Cap: Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria (SRB BART)

Lime Green Cap: Slime-Forming Bacteria (SLYM BART)

Dark Blue Cap: Heterotrophic Bacteria (HAB BART)

Grey Cap: Denitrifying Bacteria (DN BART)

White Cap: Nitrifying Bacteria (N BART)

Purple Cap: Acid-Producing Bacteria (APB BART)

Yellow Cap: Fluorescent Pseudomonad Bacteria (FLOR BART)

Comparison of BART and Other Bacteriological Enumeration Methods

Introduction to Grid-Formatted Bacteriological Atlas

Focal Point Locations for Bacterial Consorms

Differentiation of Grid Atlas into Six Major Consormial Groups

Alpha One: Bionucleating Dispersed Consorms

Alpha Two: Organic Bionucleating Consorms

Alpha Three: Inorganic Bioconcreting Consorms

Alpha Four: Carbon Reducing Consorms

Alpha Five: Carbon Oxidizing Consorms

Alpha Six: Hyperbaric Dispersed Bionucleating Consorms

Differentiation of Major Consorms by Grid Positions and BART Reactions

Defining Bacterial Consorms in Gridded Atlas Format


Basic fmv: fcP Grid

Limitations of Animal Habitats on Gridded Atlas

Limitations of Plant Habitats on Gridded Atlas

Dominant Prokaryotic Consormial Domains

Dominant Microbiological Eukaryotic Domains

Bacterial Consorms Associated with Plant Activities

Bacterial Consorms Associated with Non-Herbivoral Intestinal Streaming

Bacterial Consorms Involved in Spoilage of Foods

Mammalian Consormial Non-Enteric Pathogens on Gridded Atlas

Bacterial Consorms Associated with Water Quality Issues

Bacterial Consorms Involved in Oil, Gas, and Coal Production in Geological Media

Bacterial Consormial Interceptors in Upward Migration of Hydrocarbons

Bacterial Interception of Groundwater Flows in Porous and Fractured Media

Natural Bacteriological Consorms


1, 22-03 CLD (Clouds)

1, 16-12 ICE (Ice)

3, 18-25 CCR (Concretions)

3, 18-19 OCR (Ochres)

3, 06-24 PTG (Pitting)

3, 03-19 PFR (Perforation)

2, 09-15 MIC (Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion)

3, 10-21 BPL (Black Plug Layers)

3, 10-27 BBR (“Blueberries”)

3 – 19-26 RST (Rusticles)

1, 19-06 FOM (Foam)

3, 15-17 TCL (Tubercles)

3, 18-14 LSL (Lateral Slime Layer)

5. 15-10 GHY (Gas Hydrates)

Culturing Bacterial Consorms


Monitoring Methodologies

Suggestions for Further Reading

Appendix A: Alpha Two Traditional Atlas Concept

About the Author

Roy Cullimore has a PhD in Agricultural Microbiology and went on to develop a number of patents, edited a series of books for CRC Press on Sustainable Water Wells, and has published in the area of applied microbial ecology. Cullimore was involved in deep-ocean research and presently has seven experiments on the RMS Titanic together with experiments on other ship wrecks to determine the rates of decay.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Microbiology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply