Practical Fracture Mechanics in Design: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Practical Fracture Mechanics in Design

2nd Edition

By Arun Shukla

CRC Press

522 pages

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Hardback: 9780824758851
pub: 2004-12-14
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pub: 2004-12-14
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Description

Theoretical treatments of fracture mechanics abound in the literature. Among the first books to address this vital topic from an applied standpoint was the first edition of Practical Fracture Mechanics in Design. Completely updated and expanded to reflect recent developments in the field, the second edition of this valuable reference concisely reviews all of the fracture modes and design methodologies needed for control and prevention of structural failures in mechanical components.

Practical Fracture Mechanics in Design, Second Edition begins with the historical development of the field, which is critical in understanding the origins and purpose of the various methodologies and equations. The book goes on to provide the fundamentals, basic formulas, elementary worked examples, and references with an emphasis on linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). The author also includes case studies and design problems to clarify the concepts and explain their application. New chapters cover experimental methods in fracture, fracture of composite materials, dynamic fracture, and post mortem analysis of fracture surfaces.

Providing much more than a simple introduction to fracture mechanics, this critical, authoritative guide supplies easy-to-use and understand tools based on hands-on experience in design, emphasizing practical applications over heavily theoretical, rigorous mathematical derivations.

Table of Contents

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN FRACTURE MECHANICS AND OVERVIEW

Early Foundations of Strength of Material Concepts

Development of Concept of Stresses

Development of Modern Fracture Mechanics

Basic Concepts of Stress and Strain

Theory of Elasticity

Strength Theories and Design

Symbols

References

STRESS AND ENERGY CRITERIA AND FRACTURE

Effects of Geometry

Inglis Theory of Stress

Advent of the Energy Concept

Griffith Theory of Fracture

Concept of Stress Intensity

Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness

Variation of Basic Parameters

Symbols

References

CALCULATION OF STRESS INTENSITY

Center Crack

Double-Edge Crack

Single-Edge Crack

Collapse Stress

Round Hole With Cracks

Elliptical Notches With Cracks

Edge-Notched Beams

Flaws in Tension

Superposition of Stress Intensity Factors

Special Cases of Stress Intensity

Closing Remarks

Symbols

References

TEST AND ANALYSIS OF FRACTURE TOUGHNESS

Overview of Theory and Practice

Constraint and Thickness

Testing of Fracture Toughness

Determination of LEFM Parameters

Correlation Techniques

Symbols

References

CRACK MECHANICS

General Comment

Surface and Corner Cracks

Elements of Fatigue Technology

Initiation of Fracture

Crack Propagation

Special Effects

Design Procedures

Symbols

References

ELEMENTS OF STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY

Ductile and Brittle Fracture

Transition Temperature Approach

Lower-Bound Stress in Design

Crack Behavior in Weld Regions

Criteria of Leak-Before-Break

Plane Stress and Plastic Behavior

CTOD

Environmental Effects

LEFM

Symbols

References

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF STRESS INTENSITY FACTOR KI

General Comment

Strain Gage Method

Optical Method of Photoelasticity

Shadow Method of Caustics

Fiber-Optic Sensors and Fracture Mechanics

Discussion

Symbols

References

DYNAMIC FRACTURE

Determination of Dynamic Initiation Toughness

Crack Propagation

Crack Arrest

Symbols

References

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES

Introduction

Measures of Fracture Toughness for Composites

Experimental Measurement of Fracture Toughness

Symbols

References

POST MORTEM FAILURE ANALYSIS

Fractography

Optical Microscopy

Scanning Electron Microscopy

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)

Interpretation of Fracture Surface Features

Symbols

References

CASE STUDIES

Typical Structural Failures in Service

Crane Retrofit and Materials Control

Integrity of Underground Structures

Lessons From Structural Failures

Symbols

References

INTRODUCTORY FRACTURE CONTROL

Historical Perspective

Analytical Options of Fracture Control and Failure Review

Practical Elements of Fracture Control

Limitations and Errors

Symbols

References

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Basic Characteristics

Selected Formulas and Definitions

Special Problems

Engineering Materials

Glossary of Terms and Fundamentals

Symbols

References

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI041000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General