This book examines citizenship as practiced in China today from a variety of angles. Citizenship in Chinaâ€”and elsewhere in the Global Southâ€”has often been perceived as either a distorted echo of the â€˜realâ€™ democratic version in Europe and North America, or an orientalized â€˜otherâ€™ that defines what citizenship is not. By contrast, this book sees Chinese citizenship as an aspect of a connected modernity that is still unfolding. The book focuses on three key tensions: a state preference for sedentarism and governing citizens in place vs. growing mobility, sometimes facilitated by the state; a perception that state-building and development requires a strong state vs. ideas and practices of participatory citizenship; and submission of the individual to the â€˜collectiveâ€™ (state, community, village, family, etc.) vs. the rising salience of conceptions of self-development and self-making projects. Examining manifestations of these tensions can contribute to thinking about citizenship beyond China, including the role of the local in forming citizenship orders; how individualization works in the absence of liberal individualism; and how â€˜social citizenshipâ€™ is increasingly becoming a reward to â€˜good citizensâ€™, rather than a mechanism for achieving citizen equality. This book was originally published as a Special Issue of the journal Citizenship Studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction - Introduction: practicing citizenship in contemporary China Sophia Woodman and Zhonghua Guo
1. Legitimating exclusion and inclusion: â€˜cultureâ€™, education and entitlement to local urban citizenship in Tianjin and Lanzhou Sophia Woodman
2. Differentiating citizenship in urban China: a case study of Dongguan city Zhonghua Guo and Tuo Liang
3. Citizenship education as NGO intervention: turning migrant children in Shanghai into â€˜new citizensâ€™ Yihan Xiong and Miao Li
4. Practicing democratic citizenship in an authoritarian state: grassroots self-governance in urban China Ying Xia and Bing Guan
5. Learning to be safe citizens: state-run boarding schools and the dynamics of Tibetan identity Miaoyan Yang
6. Eating the rice bowl of youth: xiaojiesâ€™ everyday self-practices as doing citizenship from the margins Yu Ding
Sophia Woodman is a Chancellorâ€™s Fellow in Sociology in the School of Social and Political Science at the University of Edinburgh, UK. Her research interests include citizenship, human rights and social movements in contemporary China; political sociology and social movements, particularly transnational movements; constitutionalism, law, politics and governance in modern China and beyond; and gender and the state.
Zhonghua Guo is a Professor of Politics at the School of Government at Sun Yat-Sen University, China, and a Research Fellow at the Sun Yat-Sen Chinese Public Management Research Center, China. His research interests include political science theory and Chinese government and politics.