1st Edition

Pressure Groups in British Politics





ISBN 9780582289949
Published February 7, 2001 by Routledge
216 Pages

USD $87.95

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Book Description

Pressure groups are an important influence on modern politics, with people feeling strongly about single issues, willing to protest, lobby and petition for their cause.

Table of Contents

Foreword  Introduction  1. What are pressure groups?  Defining pressure groups  Pressure groups and the political system  Types of pressure group  Pressure politics  Primary and secondary groups  Pressure group targets in British politics  Pressure groups and democracy  Summary  Further reading  2. Pressure groups since 1945  Phase (1) 1945 1960  Phase (2) 1960 1979  Phase (3) 1979 1997  Current trends and prospects: pressure groups and New Labour  Summary  Further reading  3. Pressure groups and Europe  The expansion of Euro lobbying  Strategies of Euro lobbying  Organising to lobby the European Union  Targets for group influence in the European Union  Strategies of lobbying towards the Council of Ministers  The impact of organised interests on EU policy-making  Policy networks in the European Union  Summary  Further reading  4. Pressure groups and government  The influence of the political system on pressure group activity  Pressure groups and government  Government group consultation: a matter of mutual advantage  Policy networks  Think-tanks and government policy  The professional lobbying industry  Summary  Further reading  5. Pressure groups and parliament  The continuing significance of parliament  Groups use of parliament  The House of Lords  The representation of outside interests in the House of Commons  Outside interests in the House of Lords  MPs and outside interests  Summary  Further reading  6. Pressure groups and public campaigns  Public campaigning in the 1990s  Protest, participation and political culture  Direct action protest  Groups use of the media in public campaigns  Groups use of the courts  Groups and campaigns targeting political parties  Local government and politics  Summary  Further reading  7. Pressure groups and the policy process: effectiveness,  influence and resources  Pressure group resources  The external environment  Assessing the influence of groups: a cautionary note  Summary  Further reading  8. Pressure groups, pluralism and democracy  Modern liberal democracy  Pressure groups and participation  Pressure groups and pluralism  Reformed pluralism: policy networks and policy communities  Pressure groups, opposition and countervailing power  Trade unions and the Blair Government  Summary  Further reading  Bibliography  Index

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