Primer on Greeenhouse Gases provides an excellent reference resource that brings together the most current information available on greenhouse gases. Each of the gases featured is recognized as important to the future state of global atmospheric chemistry and climate. The direct radiative importance of each gas to climate, its role as a radiative precursor, and how it functions as an intermediate constituent because of its chemical activities are provided. Knowns, unknowns, and uncertainties for each gas are described. This new book reveals information critical to developing an understanding of the role of energy and atmospheric chemical and radiative processes in determining atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases.
INTRODUCTION. WHAT IS CLIMATE? WHAT IS THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT? THE GREENHOUSE GASES. A SUMMARY OF FINDINGS. GREENHOUSE GASES AND CLIMATE. THE EARTH'S ENERGY BALANCE. THE DIRECT RADIATIVE INFLUENCE. THE GREENHOUSE GASES. THE CLIMATE RESPONSE. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE. EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES. CARBON DIOXIDE. Trends in the Atmosphere. Estimates of Historical CO2 Emissions. Forecasts of Future CO2 Emissions. METHANE. Trends in the Atmosphere. Estimates of Historical CH4 Emissions. Forecasts of Future CH4 Emissions. NITROUS OXIDE. Trends in the Atmosphere. Estimates of Historical N2O Emissions. Forecasts of Future N2O Emissions. CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS. Trends in the Atmosphere. Estimates of Historical CFC Emissions. Forecasts of Future CFC Emissions. CARBON MONOXIDE. Trends in the Atmosphere. Estimates of Historical CO Emissions. REDUCING FUTURE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS. Reducing Future CO2. Energy Conservation. Fuel Substitution. Scale. Activity Mix. Carbon Removal and Recovery. Reducing Future CFC Emissions. A Note on the Role of R&D in the Long-Run. THE DISPOSITION OF GREENHOUSE GASES. CO2 AND THE CARBON CYCLE. BACKGROUND ON THE CARBON CYCLE. EVIDENCE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANTHROPOGENIC NET CARBON EMISSIONS AND THE ACCUMULATION OF CO2 IN THE ATMOSPHERE. ALTERNATIVE MODELS OF THE ATMOSPHERIC RETENTION OF FOSSIL FUEL CO2. THE LIFETIME OF CO2 IN THE ATMOSPHERE. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND GREENHOUSE GASES. THE IMPORTANCE OF OH IN CLIMATE CHANGE. THE IMPORTANCE OF O3 IN CLIMATE CHANGE. SUMMARY. RELATIVE GREENHOUSE POTENTIAL. THE IPCC GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL CONCEPT. A MASTER TABLE OF GREENHOUSE GASES AT A GLANCE. ORGANIZATION OF THE MASTER TABLE OF GREENHOUSE GASES AT A GLANCE.