Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy
Learning the Essential Domains and Nonlinear Thinking of Master Practitioners
Research has shown that the most effective way to prepare students for practice with real clients is to learn to think in a new way rather than simply learning and using a set of steps. While there is much to be learned from what master practitioners do in their sessions, there is even more knowledge to gain from learning how they think. The second edition of Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy offers students and practitioners a way to understand the processes behind effective outcomes with a wide variety of clients.
The second edition is infused with real-world clinical case examples and opportunities for readers to apply the material to the cases being presented. New "thought-exercise" sections are specifically designed to engage the reader’s natural non-linear thinking, and transcript material both from cases and from master therapists themselves are interwoven in the text. Accompanying videos, available through Alexander Street Press, bring the text to life, and instructors will find testbanks, transition notes, and narrated PowerPoints available for free download from the book’s website at www.routledgementalhealth.com
Table of Contents
Introduction: Learning to Think Like a Therapist: Characteristics of Expert Therapist Thinking and Why It Is Important to Learn How to Think Like a Therapist. 1. Overview of the State of Psychotherapy and the Domains of Competence. The Level I Practitioner Profile. 2. The Domain of Connecting With and Engaging the Client: Listening. 3. The Domain of Connecting With and Engaging the Client: Responding. 4. The Domain of Assessment: Clients’ Symptoms, Stages of Change, Needs, Strengths, and Resources. 5. The Domain of Assessment: The Theme Behind a Client’s Narrative, Therapeutic Goals, and Client Input About Goal Achievement. 6. The Domain of Establishing and Maintaining the Therapeutic Relationship and the Therapeutic Alliance: Relationship Building. 7. The Domain of Establishing and Maintaining the Therapeutic Relationship and the Therapeutic Alliance: The Therapeutic Alliance. The Level II Practitioner Profile. 8. The Domain of Understanding Clients’ Cognitive Schemas: Foundations. 9. The Domain of Understanding Clients’ Cognitive Schemas: Assessment and Clinical Conceptualization. 10. The Domain of Addressing and Managing Clients’ Emotional States: Basic Understandings. 11. The Domain of Addressing and Managing Clients’ Emotional States: Managing Common Negative Emotions in Therapy. 12. The Domain of Addressing and Resolving Ambivalence: Understanding and Identifying Client Ambivalence. 13. The Domain of Addressing and Resolving Ambivalence: Working With and Resolving Client Ambivalence. 14. Summary and the Disengagement/Engagement Hypothesis. References. Index
Gerald J. Mozdzierz, PhD, is a professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences at Loyola University and also maintains a private practice.
Paul R. Peluso, PhD, is an associate professor and chair of the department of counselor education at Florida Atlantic University. He is the coauthor of five books and author of numerous articles and book chapters.
Joseph Lisiecki, LCSW, has 32 years of clinical experience at Hines VA hospital in Illinois.
"I am astonished. Finally, there is a text that makes it possible to prepare therapists to learn to think in an effective, nonlinear way. Thanks to the authors, future professionals can now become true master therapists rather than the mere technicians created via traditional training methods. The second edition also provides media support and exercises that teach the processes needed for clinical competence with a wide variety of clientele."
—Jon Carlson, PsyD, EdD, ABPP, distinguished professor of counseling at Governors State University
"If you have been looking for a pragmatic approach to becoming a master counselor, you’ve found it! Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 2nd ed, provides a delightful mix of counseling applications derived from apt metaphors, case examples, skill-development exercises, and transcripts of masters demonstrating their craft. The authors do a thorough job helping counselors to connect with clients and help navigate client ambivalence to enact constructive life changes. The companion videos are a real bonus."
—Bradley T. Erford, PhD, professor at Loyola University Maryland and past president of the American Counseling Association
"Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy, second edition, provides clinicians and trainees with a clear path to understanding some of the most complex issues encountered in counseling and clinical work by using real-world examples and examples of master clinicians at work. A must read."
—Paul Ekman, PhD, professor emeritus of psychology at the University of California, San Francisco, and president of the Paul Ekman Group
"Modern mental-health practitioners operate in an era of accountability, one in which they must be able to implement skills that are indicative of evidence-based practice and effectiveness. In Principles of Counseling and Psychotherapy, the emerging counseling professional is introduced to concepts and skills that lead to effective practice, and these are merged with modern research that is introduced in a meaningful, practical manner."
—Richard S. Balkin, PhD, assistant dean and associate professor at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi and editor of the Journal of Counseling & Development
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