Printed artworks were often ephemeral, but in the early modern period, exchanges between print and other media were common, setting off chain reactions of images and objects that endured. Paintings, sculpture, decorative arts, musical or scientific instruments, and armor exerted their own influence on prints, while prints provided artists with paper veneers, templates, and sources of adaptable images. This interdisciplinary collection unites scholars from different fields of art history who elucidate the agency of prints on more traditionally valued media, and vice-versa. Contributors explore how, after translations across traditional geographic, temporal, and material boundaries, original 'meanings' may be lost, reconfigured, or subverted in surprising ways, whether a Netherlandish motif graces a cabinet in Italy or the print itself, colored or copied, is integrated into the calligraphic scheme of a Persian royal album. These intertwined relationships yield unexpected yet surprisingly prevalent modes of perception. Andrea Mantegna's 1470/1500 Battle of the Sea Gods, an engraving that emulates the properties of sculpted relief, was in fact reborn as relief sculpture, and fabrics based on print designs were reapplied to prints, returning color and tactility to the very objects from which the derived. Together, the essays in this volume witness a methodological shift in the study of print, from examining the printed image as an index of an absent invention in another medium - a painting, sculpture, or drawing - to considering its role as a generative, active agent driving modes of invention and perception far beyond the locus of its production.
Winner of an honorable mention in the 2017 IFPDA Book Award
"It is a book which should be read by art historians in every field."
- IFPDA Award Jury
"This most recent publication is a welcome addition in a continuing reassessment of the value of prints in early modernity. …These writers’ contributions highlight the abundant opportunities awaiting print scholars—not only for those who examine the reception of European prints in Spain and its territories, as the contributors in this volume have done, but also works produced by Hispanic engravers and artists destined for internal or external markets. As such, this is an edifying collection that offers its readers an expanded perspective of prints in the early modern period."
- Renaissance Quarterly
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors
1 Toward an Anthropology of Print
2 From Print to Paint and Back Again: Painting Practices and Print Culture in Early Modern Antwerp
3 Prints as Paintings: Willem van de Velde the Elder (1611–1693) and Dutch Pen Painting circa 1650–65
4 Between Paper and Sword: Daniel Hopfer and the Translation of Etching in Reformation Augsburg
5 Hunting Erotica: Print Culture and a Seventeenth-Century Rifle in the Collection of the Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt
6 Mantegna’s Battle of the Sea Gods: the Material and Thematic Interaction of Print and Sculpture
7 Making Time and Space: Collecting Early Modern Printed Instruments
Suzanne Karr Schmidt
8 The State of the Fashion Plate, circa 1727: Historicizing Fashion Between ‘Dressed Prints’ and Dezallier’s Recueils
9 The Concettismo of Triumph: Maerten van Heemskerck’s Victories of Charles V and Remembering Spanish Omnipotence in a late Sixteenth-Century Writing Cabinet
Arthur J. DiFuria
10 St. Michael the Archangel: Spiritual, Visual and Material Translations from Antwerp to Lima
11 Lines of Perception: European Prints and the Mughal Kitābkhāna
A forum for the critical inquiry of the visual arts in the early modern world, Visual Culture in Early Modernity promotes new models of inquiry and new narratives of early modern art and its history. We welcome proposals for both monographs and essay collections that consider the cultural production and reception of images and objects. The range of topics covered in this series includes, but is not limited to, painting, sculpture and architecture as well as material objects, such as domestic furnishings, religious and/or ritual accessories, costume, scientific/medical apparata, erotica, ephemera and printed matter. We seek innovative investigations of western and non-western visual culture produced between 1400 and 1800.