Private Security and the Investigative Process  book cover
3rd Edition

Private Security and the Investigative Process

ISBN 9781420085693
Published February 9, 2010 by CRC Press
352 Pages - 307 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Detailing best practices and trade secrets for private sector security investigations, Private Security and the Investigative Process, Third Edition provides complete coverage of the investigative process. Fully updated, this edition covers emerging technology, revised legal and practical considerations for conducting interviews, and new information on case evaluation.

Written by a recognized expert in security, criminal justice, ethics, and the law—with over three decades of experience—the updated edition of this popular text covers concepts and techniques that can be applied to a variety of investigations including fraud, insurance, private, and criminal. It details the collection and preservation of evidence, the handling of witnesses, surveillance techniques, background investigations, and report writing. This new edition includes:

  • More than 80 new or updated forms, checklists, charts, and illustrations
  • Updated proprietary information from Pinkerton, Wackenhut, and other leading security companies
  • Increased emphasis on software and technological support products
  • A closer examination of periodical literature and government publications

Authoritative, yet accessible, this book is an important reference for private investigators and security professionals. Complete with numerous forms, checklists, and web exercises, it provides the tools and understanding required to conduct investigations that are professional, ethical, and effective.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Private Security Industry and the Investigative Process
The Trend toward Privatization
The Investigative Process: Private Security’s Role
     Types of Investigative Activities
     General Investigative Methods

General Characteristics of a Competent Investigator Introduction
Objectivity and Investigative Practice
Logic and Investigative Practice
Perseverance, Diligence, and Investigative Practice
Human Relations Skills and Investigative Practice
Ethics and the Investigative Process

Initial Interview and Case Evaluation
Initial Interview
     Miscellaneous Matters at Initial Interview
     Recording Interview Impressions
Case Evaluation

The Purpose of Witnesses
Types of Witnesses
     Missing or Unknown Witnesses
     Lay Witnesses
     Expert Witnesses
     Character Witnesses
Processing Witnesses

Collection of Information
The Nature of Information and the Rules of Collection
Leads and Contacts for the Private Investigator
Public Sources of Information
     Federal Agencies
     State and Local Agencies
Private Sources of Information
     Directories, Databases, and Atlases
     The Internet
     Professional Associations and Groups
     Auto Records
The Background Investigation
Real Property Title Search

Collection of Evidence and Preservation of the Scene
Preliminary Strategies and Responses
Scene Sketches and Other Graphic Portrayals
     Rules for Sketching
     Rules for Measuring
Photographic Evidence
     Location of Crime Scene
     Photography and Special Applications
Drug and Alcohol Abuse Evidence
Documentary Evidence
     Police Records
     Medical Records
Records Involving Economic Damages
Preservation of Evidence

Surveillance Techniques
Purposes and Functions
Tactics and Strategy in Surveillance
     What Are the Steps of Surveillance?
     What Is the Exact Objective of Surveillance?
     Where Is the Location of Surveillance?
     When Will Surveillance Occur
     Who or What Will Be Surveilled?
Surveillance: Preparatory Steps
     Personal Behavior and Attire
     Surveillance Equipment
Types of Surveillance
     Stationary Surveillance
     Moving Surveillance
     Hybrid and Other Special Surveillance Techniques
Surveillance Forms and Reports

Report Writing
     Efficiency in the Investigative Process
     Reports and Memory
     Reports and Organizational Method during the Investigation
     Reports as Proof of Services Rendered
Characteristics of Solid Report Writing
     The Role of Note Taking
     The Essential Qualities of a Solid Report: Accurate, Brief, and Complete
     Report Design or Format
Standard Reports for the Private Investigator
     Activity Reports
     Major Criminal Documentation

Investigative Method and Technique: Theft/Property Offenses
     Rationalizations and Justifications for Shoplifting
     Shoplifting Methods
Internal Theft by Employees
     Reasons for Theft
     Theft Strategies
     Investigating Theft
     Obtaining Confessions or Statements
Defensive Techniques to Minimize and Identify Burglary and Property Losses
     Tactics and Strategies
Missing or Stolen Property

Investigative Method and Technique: Insurance Cases
Application and Method
     Property Claim for Cases of Arson
     Workers’ Compensation
     Disability Claims
     Auto Liability Claims
Special Problems: Auto Theft, Fraud, and Parts Pilferage
     Auto Identification Systems

Investigative Method and Technique: Background Investigations
Background Issues
     Establishing Identity
     Employment History
     Credit History
Alternative Methods of Background Review
     Consultative Services
     The Polygraph Test
Comprehensive Background Report

The Security Office: Administrative Issues
Some General Principles of Office Administration
Time-Keeping Methods
The Value of Administrative Documents
Filing Systems
     Set-Up and Maintenance
     Tickler Files
Software Considerations


Each chapter concludes with a "Notes" section

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Charles P. Nemeth JD, Ph.D, LL.M, Chair and Professor of Legal Studies, Homeland Security and Criminal Justice,California University of Pennsylvania, California, Pennsylvania, USA