1st Edition

Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism

Edited By Michal Apollo, Yana Wengel, Thomas Pogge Copyright 2025
    264 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This timely and interdisciplinary book is the first to examine mountain tourism and local communities with a pro-poor lens. By drawing on human geography, political and social science, ethics and moral philosophy and empirical research, the volume explores how mountain tourism can be used to fight poverty and inequality in mountain regions.

    Mountain tourism represents a growing mass tourism phenomenon. The local population, recognizing the possibilities for increased income, started to develop in situ services. However, sensitive to outside influences, the environment of high-altitude mountain areas resident communities have been abruptly exposed to impacts from mountain tourism-related activities, although until recently, they have been cut off from civilization. The natural environment and people living in mountain regions have been affected by an increasing number of visitors in the last few decades. Hence, this book provides an expert-led and comprehensive summary of mountain tourism development and illustrates how tourism can increase benefits for the poor within local communities. Furthermore, it presents updated management and governance policies.

    This volume will be of pivotal interest to scholars and practitioners from the fields of geography and tourism studies, ethics, and development economics, as well as policymakers, aid agencies, and general readers interested in sustainable development in mountain regions.

    1. Mountain Tourism and Poverty Reduction: Opportunities and Challenges 

    Michal Apollo, Yana Wengel and Thomas Pogge


    Part I. Strategies for Activating Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism 


    2. Identifying Pro-poor Mountain Tourism Opportunities through a Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Case Study of Dhorpatan Valley, Nepal

    Maggie Miller, Carl Cater and Ravindra Nyaupane


    3. The Genesis of Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism in Rural China: Three Cases in Enshi Prefecture

    Huafang Qiao, Rick Gage, Lina Xiong and Shuangyu Xie


    4. Inclusive development as a modern need: Can mountain tourism make a difference in the Caribbean?

    Renata Rettinger


    5. Resident Quality of Life and a Wellness Community-based Tourism Development Model: A Way of Poverty Eradication

    Ann Suwaree Ashton


    6. Mountain Dark Tourism: A Development Pathway in Post-conflict Zones in Colombia

    James Pérez-Morón, Ulf Thoene and Roberto García Alonso


    7. Pro-poor Mountain Tourism Employment for Women in Nepal

    Wendy Hillman


    Part II. Impacts and Challenges of Taking a Pro-Poor Approach to Mountain Tourism 


    8. Socio-Cultural Integration in the Development of Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism: A Lesson from Eastern Turkey

    Aysu Uğurlar and Mehmet Şeremet


    9. Mountain Tourism and Socio-Economic Outcomes in Mountain Communities in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges

    Kennedy Eborka, Ganiyu Lawal, Ibrahim Bidemi Abdullateef and Temitope Owolabi


    10. Leveraging Mountain Pro-poor Tourism for Poverty Alleviation in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe

    Tendai Chibaya and Zibanai Zhou

    11. Ethnic Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities for Poverty Alleviation Based on Highlands of Lao Cai, Northwest Vietnam

    Phuong Bui L.A. and The-Bao Luong


    12. Navigating the Shadows: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism in the Chittagong Hill Tracts

    Washik Muhammod Istiaq Ezaz


    Part III. Lessons from Advanced Economies


    13. Tourism’s Role in Addressing Poverty through Asset Equity in the U.S. Mountain West

    Bryan Breidenbach and David W. Knight


    14. Local Food Products as Element for Fostering Sustainable Mountain Tourism in Marginal Areas: Some Evidence from North-Western Italian Alps

    Alessandro Bonadonna and Stefano Duglio


    15. Regional Economic Perspective on the Transformation of Glacier Tourism in the Era of Climate Change

    Emmanuel Salim and Leïla Kebir


    Part IV. Conclusion Remarks


    16. Pro-Poor Mountain Tourism - Through the Journalist's Eye 

    Prena Prasad


    17. The Future Outlook on Poverty Reduction Strategies with the Use of Mountain Tourism

    Yana Wengel, Michal Apollo and Thomas Pogge


    Michal Apollo is an Assistant Professor at the Institute of Earth Sciences, the University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland, and a Fellow of Yale University's Global Justice Program, New Haven, USA. Michal is an enthusiastic researcher, traveller, mountaineer, ultra-runner, diver, photographer, and science populariser. Michal's unique background allows him to integrate knowledge from the perspectives of various points of view into his research and consultancy work. His areas of expertise are tourism management, consumer behaviours well as environmental and socio-economical issues. In his main research field, he focuses on human presence in high mountain regions and their wellbeing. Currently, he is working on a concept of sustainable use of environmental and human resources, as this is a key to the development, prosperity and wellbeing of all stakeholders. Michal is a board member of the Academics Stand Against Poverty.

    Yana Wengel is an Associate Professor at the Hainan University - Arizona State University International Tourism College based in Hainan University, China. Yana takes a critical approach to tourism studies, and her interests include volunteer tourism, non-profit tourism, tourism in developing economies, creative methodologies and mountain tourism. She has an interest in creative qualitative tools for data collection and stakeholder engagement. Yana is a co-founder of the LEGO® SERIOUS PLAY® research community.

    Thomas Pogge is a Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs and founding Director of the Global Justice Program at Yale University, USA. Thomas Pogge is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science, as well as co-founder of Academics, Stand Against Poverty (ASAP), an international network aiming to enhance the impact of scholars, teachers and students on global poverty, and of Incentives for Global Health, a team effort toward developing a complement to the pharmaceutical patent regime that would improve access to advanced medicines for the poor worldwide. Pogge has published widely on Immanuel Kant and in moral and political philosophy, including various books on Rawls and global justice.