This volume features the complete text of all regular papers, posters, and summaries of symposia presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Papers have been loosely grouped by topic, and an author index is provided in the back. In hopes of facilitating searches of this work, an electronic index on the Internet's World Wide Web is provided. Titles, authors, and summaries of all the papers published here have been placed in an online database which may be freely searched by anyone. You can reach the Web site at: http://www.cse.ucsd.edu/events/cogsci96/proceedings. You may view the table of contents for this volume on the LEA Web site at: http://www.erlbaum.com.
PLENARY ADDRESSES. Names and Titles. INVITED SYMPOSIA: (Organizer: H. Neville.) M. Sereno, S. Hillyard, Imaging Studies of Vision, Attention, and Language. (Organizer: M.J. Mataric.) Learning in Complex Environments: Biological and Artificial Adaptive Behavior. S.F. Giszter, Primitives as a Basis for Movement Synthesis. M.J. Mataric, Learning in Multi-Robot Systems. A.W. Moore, Reinforcement Learning in Factories: The Auton Project. S. Thrun, The Role of Transfer in Learning. (Organizer: G. Fauconnier.) G. Lakoff, R. Langacker, Cognitive Linguistics: Mappings in Conceptual Systems, Grammar, and Meaning Construction. (Organizers: J. Batali, D. Ackley.) Modeling the Evolution of Communication. SUBMITTED SYMPOSIA: (Organizer: B.D. Burns.) Building a Theory of Problem Solving and Scientific Discovery: How Big Is N in N-Space Search? L.M. Baker, K. Dunbar, Problem Spaces in Real-World Science: What Are They and How Do Scientists Search Them? B.D. Burns, R. Vollmeyer, Goals and Problem Solving: Learning as Search of Three Spaces. C.D. Schunn, D. Klahr, The Problem of Problem Spaces: When and How to Go Beyond a 2-Space Model of Scientific Discovery. D.F. Wolf II, J.R. Beskin, Task Domains in N-Space Models: Giving Explanation Its Due. (Organizer: J.D. McAuley.) The Role of Rhythm in Cognition. M.R. Jones, The Role of Rhythm in Guiding Attending. B. Baird, A Cortical Network Model of Cognitive Attentional Streams, Rhythmic Expectation, and Auditory Stream Segregation. R. Port, Language, Audition and Rhythm. E. Saltzman, Phase-Resetting and Rhythmic Pattern Generation in Speech Production. (Organizers: M. Spivey-Knowlton, K. Eberhard.) The Future of Modularity. J.L. McClelland, The Basis of Organization in Interactive Systems. P. Lennie, What Do Visual Modules Do? R. Jacobs, Modularity and Plasticity Are Compatible. D. Massaro, Modularity of Information, Not Processing. G. Dell, Models and Modularity in Language Processing. (Discussant: K. Forster.(Organizer: D. Dellarosa Cummins.) J. Tooby, C. Allen, The Evolution of Mind. J. Tooby, The Evolutionary Principles Underlying Natural Cognitive Competences. D. Dellarosa Cummins, Human Reasoning From an Evolutionary Perspective. C. Allen, Actions and Objects: Unequal Partners in the Evolution of Communication. (Organizers: J. Epelboim, P. Suppes.) Eye Movements in Cognitive Science. E. Kowler, J. McGowan, D. Bahcall, D. Melcher, C. Araujo, Scanning of Natural Visual Scenes: How Cognitive and Sensory Mechanisms Work Together to Control Saccades. G. Zelinsky, R.P.N. Rao, M.M. Hayhoe, D.H. Ballard, Adding Resolution to an Old Problem: Eye Movements as a Measure of Visual Search. J. Epelboim, P. Suppes, Window on the Mind? What Eye Movements Reveal About Geometrical Reasoning. (Organizers: K. Plunkett, T.R. Shultz.) Computational Models of Development. D. Mareschal, Contrasting Models of Object Permanence. T.R. Shultz, A Generative Neural Network Analysis of Conversation. C.X. Ling, J. Elman, Can Symbolic Algorithms Model Cognitive Development? (Discussants: L. Bates, J. Shrager.) PAPER PRESENTATIONS: Philosophy. M. Giunti, Beyond Computationalism. T.W. Griffith, M.D. Byrne, Qualia: The Hard Problem. R.F. Hadley, Connectionism, Systematicity, and Nomic Necessity. A. Brook, R.J. Stainton, Fodor's New Theory of Content. Text Comprehension: H. Paredes-Frigolett, G. Strube, Integrating World Knowledge With Cognitive Parsing. K. Moorman, A. Ram, The Role of Ontology in Creative Understanding. D.S. McNamara, W. Kintsch, Working Memory in Text Comprehension: Interrupting Difficult Text. P.W. Foltz, M.A. Britt, C.A. Perfetti, Reasoning From Multiple Texts: An Automatic Analysis of Readers' Situation Models. C.M. Verspoor, Lexical Limits on the Influence of Context. Reasoning: I. Ginzburg, T.J. Sejnowski, Dynamics of Rule Induction by Making Queries: Transition Between Strategies. U. Hoffrage, G. Gigerenzer, The Impact of Information Representation on Bayesian Reasoning. R. Elio, F.J. Pelletier, On Reasoning With Default Rules and Exceptions. D.G. Goldstein, G. Gigerenzer, Satisficing Inference and the Perks of Ignorance. L. Shastri, D.J. Grannes, A Connectionist Treatment of Negation and Inconsistency. Distributed Cognition and Education: N.V. Flor, B. Holder, Hearing With the Eyes: A Distributed Cognition Perspective on Guitar Song Imitation. L.M. Baker, K. Dunbar, Constraints on the Experimental Design Process in Real-World Science. R. Hall, R. Stevens, Teaching/Learning Events in the Workplace: A Comparative Analysis of Their Organizational and Interactional Structure. M. Dama, K. Dunbar, Distributed Reasoning: An Analysis of Where Social and Cognitive Worlds Fuse. Development I: G.L. Martin, The Impact of Letter Classification Learning on Reading. R.C. Nakisa, U. Hahn, Where Defaults Don't Help: The Case of the German Plural System. D. Jackson, R.M. Constandse, G.W. Cottrell, Selective Attention in the Acquisition of the Past Tense. P. Gupta, Word Learning and Verbal Short-Term Memory: A Computational Account. Visual/Spatial Reasoning: N. Dahlbäck, K. Höök, M. Sjölinder, Spatial Cognition in the Mind and in the World--the Case of Hypermedia Navigation. J. Oberlander, R. Cox, P. Monaghan, K. Stenning, R. Tobin, Individual Differences in Proof Structures Following Multimodal Logic Teaching. P.C-H. Cheng, Functional Roles for the Cognitive Analysis of Diagrams in Problem Solving. E.S. Roger, A Study of Visual Reasoning in Medical Diagnosis. Semantics, Phonology, and the Lexicon: L.K. Tyler, J.K. Voice, H.E. Moss, The Interaction of Semantic and Phonological Processing. W.D. Marslen-Wilson, M. Ford, L. Older, Z. Xiaolin, The Combinatorial Lexicon: Priming Derivational Affixes. P. Li, M.C. Yip, Lexical Ambiguity and Context Effects in Spoken Word Recognition: Evidence From Chinese. R. Shillcock, J. Hicks, P. Cairns, N. Chater, J.P. Levy, Phonological Reduction, Assimilation, Intra-Word Information Structure, and the Evolution of the Lexicon of English: Why Fast Speech Isn't Confusing. Perception: A. Oliva, P.G. Schyns, Color Influences Fast Scene Categorization. R.L. Goldstone, M. Steyvers, K. Larimer, Categorical Perception of Novel Dimensions. C. Padgett, G.W. Cottrell, R. Adolphs, Categorical Perception in Facial Emotion Classification. B.J. Stankiewicz, J.E. Hummel, MetriCat: A Representation for Basic and Subordinate-Level Classification. S. Edelman, F. Cutzu, S. Duvdevani-Bar, Similarity to Reference Shapes as a Basis for Shape Representation. Lexical Ambiguity and Semantic Representation: J.E. Hanna, M.J. Spivey-Knowlton, M.K. Tanenhaus, Integrating Discourse and Local Constraints in Resolving Lexical Thematic Ambiguities. S. Corley, M.W. Crocker, Evidence for a Tagging Model of Human Lexical Category Disambiguation. K. McRae, S. Boisvert, The Importance of Automatic Semantic Relatedness Priming for Distributed Models of Word Meaning. M.G. Gaskell, Parallel Activation of Distributed Concepts: Who Put the P in the PDP? D.S. Clouse, G.W. Cottrell, Discrete Multi-Dimensional Scaling. Problem-Solving and Education: E. Scanlon, P. Murphy, K. Issroff, B. Hodgson, E. Whitelegg, Collaboration in Primary Science Classrooms: Learning About Evaporation. R. Catrambone, Transferring and Modifying Terms in Equations. J.D. Slotta, M.T.H. Chi,