Product Safety and Restricted Substances in Apparel: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Product Safety and Restricted Substances in Apparel

2nd Edition

Edited by Subrata Das

WPI Publishing

242 pages | 34 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9789385059155
pub: 2017-05-17
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pub: 2016-10-26
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Description

Product Safety and Restricted Substances in Apparel emphasis on the overview of the restricted substances present in fabrics, apparels and accessories and their acceptable limits or total ban, management of such restricted substances in the supply chain, standard and regulatory test methods. Manufacturing Restricted Substances address hazardous substances potentially used and discharged into the environment during manufacturing and related processes, not just those substances that could be present in finished products. Safety requirements and review of risk of different garments have been covered including varieties of accessories. Global and country specific regulations on the restriction of various harmful chemicals used in the manufacturing process of fabrics, apparels and related accessories are also discussed in detail.

The book is aimed at textile and apparel industry professionals, retailers, factory heads, buying offices and students intending to join the industry in the areas of quality assurance covering safety and chemical compliance.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Risk analysis of textile and apparel

Sources of restricted substances in textile and apparel

Evaluation of restricted substances

Legal requirements of harmful substances

Product compliance for environmental protection

Need for chemical management system

References

Management of restricted substances in the textile and apparel supply chain

Purpose and importance of restricted substances list

Risk associated with restricted substances

Education of the supply chain

Importance of evaluation through testing

Implementation procedure of a RSL program

References

Review of restricted substances in textile and apparel supply chain

Introduction

Restricted substances in fabric

Restricted substances in trim

Restricted substances in embellishments

Restricted substances in apparel

Overview of Manufacturing Restricted Substances List (MRSL) (41, 42)

References

Compliance of restricted substances in safety aspects of textile and apparel

Introduction

Banned amines in azo dyes

Allergenic disperse dyes

Carcinogenic dyes

Formaldehyde

Heavy metals

Pentachlorophenol, tetrachlorophenol, and orthophenylphenol

Organotin compounds

Chlorinated organic carriers

Fluorocarbons

Phthalates

Polyvinyl chloride

Alkyl phenol ethoxylates

Flame retardants

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

Solvents

Dioxins and furans

Residual pesticides

Chlorinated paraffins

Dimethyl fumarate (DMFu)

Isocyanates

Asbestos

Adsorbable organic halides (AOX)

References

Product safety requirements of children’s apparel

Importance of safety issues

Small parts – choking hazards

Metal fasteners

Zipper fasteners

Dungaree clips (hasps) and sliders

D-rings

Functional and non-functional drawstrings, cord/ties

Toggles

Fixed bows

Buttons

Pom-poms and frings

Decorative trims and embellishments

Bead

Sequins

Jewel

Heat transfer diamante (rhinstone) and stud guidelines

Fire safety

Sun protection

References

Safety review of children’s apparel

Introduction

Safety review

Flammability requirements in children apparel

References

Some important test methods to evaluate restricted substances in textile and apparel

Introduction

Lead content in surface coating

Lead content in substrate (metal)

Lead content in substrate (non-metal)

Cadmium in coated/plastic items

Evaluation of phthalates

Nickel release test: BS EN 1811 (22) and BS EN 12472 (23)

Test method for formaldehyde (24)

Test method of azo dyes (25, 26)

Test method of azo dyes (polyester fabric) (27, 28)

New standard for azo dyes

Miscellaneous test methods

References

Global regulatory requirements on harmful substances in textile and apparel

Introduction

Canada Hazardous Products Act

Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)

EU regulations

Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS)

OEKO- TEX Standard 100

US regulations

China (GB18401–2010)

Korea Certification

Japanese regulation (28, 29)

Regulation of Vietnam (32, 33)

Regulation of Taiwan (34)

Regulation of India (35, 36, 37)

References

Understanding chemical management system for compliance in textile/apparel supply chain

Introduction

Practices for restricted substances compliance (1)

Role of NGO campaigns to tackle toxic chemicals

Understanding of 11 classes of priority chemicals (2)

Impact of zero discharge of hazardous chemicals on the supply chain (2)

References

Conclusion

About the Editor

Subrata Das is the Textile and Apparel Sustainability Professional, Technical Assessor – ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and Technical Expert – GOTS, NABCB, Quality Council of India.

About the Series

Woodhead Publishing India in Textiles

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science