Productive Ageing is the involvement of older adults in society through employment, volunteering, caregiving, education and skill building. In 2020 there will be 248 million people in China aged 60 and over. At the same time, the birth rate continues to drop and family structures are being transformed. In the face of such pressing demographic challenges, the productive engagement of older adults is a clear-cut strategy to strengthen families and communities while simultaneously promoting the health of older adults. From a human capital perspective, an ageing population represents resources to address societal needs; and the active engagement of older adults can enhance and maintain the physical, mental and cognitive health of the older adults. The challenge is to develop policies that support productive engagement and implement evidence-based programs that create opportunities for older adults in active engagement in the community. Contributions of older adults will be necessary for social and economic development of families, communities, and society. Productive Engagement in Later Life covers the 2009 China conference on productive aging and discusses how to initiate and build productive aging agenda in China and around the globe.
This book was originally published as a special issue of China Journal of Social Work.
Foreword: Productive ageing is likely to become a major policy discussion in China
Michael Sherraden Introduction: Cross-cultural, multidisciplinary perspectives on maximizing productive engagement of the ageing population Nancy Morrow-Howell and Ada C. Mui Part I: Overview of the concept of productive ageing in China 1. Productive ageing in China: a human capital perspective Ada C. Mui 2. What is productive in Taiwanese centenarians’ lives? A challenge for the definition of productive ageing Peishan Yang Part II: Country-level consideration of productive engagement of older adults 3. China’s population ageing and active ageing Peng Du and Hui Yang 4. Productive engagement of older Americans Nancy Morrow-Howell and Jennifer C. Greenfield 5. Productive ageing in Japan Li-Mei Chen Uesugi 6. Dominant and competing framings of the productive ageing agenda in the Australian policy context Elizabeth Ozanne Part III: Consideration of productive activities in various countries a. Caregiving 7. Survey and reflection on the current situation of older caregivers in Jinan Qun Liu and Wen-Guang Ke 8. Critical review of older adults’ caregiving-related programs and policies in South Korea Song-Lee Hong and Ene-Young Park 9. Older adults as caregivers in Hong Kong Teresa B.K. Tsien and Guat Tin Ng b. Working 10. Workforce participation among older adults in China: current knowledge and future research directions Rita Jing-Ann Chou 11. Population ageing in a globalizing labour market: implications for older workers Brad Jorgensen, Philip Taylor and Erin Watson c. Volunteering 12. Senior volunteer service in urban communities: a study in Jinan Qin Li 13. Volunteering by older adults in the United States Fengyuan Tang 14. Volunteering as a productive ageing activity: evidence from Australia Jeni Warburton 15. Promoting volunteerism in later life in Hong Kong Alice Ming-lin Chong