Professionalizing Teacher Education
Performance Assessment, Standards, Moderation, and Evidence
This book provides a significant contribution to conversations about teacher quality and graduate readiness for teaching. It presents empirical insights into how a multidisciplinary team of researchers, teacher educators, and policy personnel mobilized for collective change in a standards-driven reform initiative. The insights are research-informed and critically relevant for anyone interested in teacher preparation and credentialing. It gives an account of a bold move to install a collaborative culture of evidence-informed inquiry to professionalize teacher education.
The centerpiece of the book is the use of standards and evidence to show the quality of graduates entering the teaching workforce. The book presents, for the first time, a model of online cross-institutional moderation as benchmarking to generate large-scale evidence of the quality of teacher education. The book also introduces a new conceptualization of a feedback loop using summative data for accountability and formative data to inform curriculum review and program renewal.
This book offers the insider story of the conceptualization, design, and implementation of the Graduate Teacher Performance Assessment (GTPA). It involves going to scale with a large group of Australian universities, government agencies, and schools, and using participatory approaches to advance new thinking about evidence-informed inquiry, cross-institutional moderation, and innovative digital infrastructure.
The discussion of competence assessment, standards, and change processes presented in the book has relevance beyond teacher education to other professions.
Table of Contents
Part 1. Conceptualization, Design and Implementation 1. Standards, large-scale evidence, professional judgment, and the affordances of digital technologies in teacher education 2. The move to assessing competence in professions 3. Three essential features in a new conceptualization of complex performance assessments: Authenticity, system and site validity, and intelligent accountability 4. How do we know that teacher graduates are ready for professional practice? Designing an assessment for evidence of readiness 5. Teaching Performance Assessments and Considerations of Fairness (Joy Cumming and Diana Pullin) Part 2. Data Analytics, Systems Thinking and Digital Architecture 6. Validation, reliability and standard setting in the GTPA: A focus on methodologies and judgment 7. The design features of cross-institutional moderation for demonstrating comparability: Building a nationally sustainable model 8. Why teacher education needs a feedback loop: Connecting standards and evidence to inform program planning and renewal 9. Changing culture in Initial Teacher Education: How shall we know quality and impact? 10. Teaching performance assessments and considerations of potential legal challenges (Diana Pullin and Joy Cumming) 11. Our journey of discovery: Looking back, looking sideways, and looking forwards
Claire Wyatt-Smith (Ph.D.) is Professor of Educational Assessment and Measurement and the Director of the Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education, Australian Catholic University. Her research focusses on standards, moderation, professional judgment, and the implications of digital disruption for teacher professionalism. Current research includes a large-scale Australian study working with a national Collective of universities on the design and implementation of the Graduate Teacher Performance Assessment (GTPA). She has held leadership roles in universities and schools in Australia and advisory roles internationally. She currently leads a longitudinal quantitative analysis of the quality and impact of initial teacher education. She has undertaken many large-scale studies with Australian Research Council and other research consultancy funds. Her latest books with colleagues are Digital Disruption in Teaching and Testing: Assessments, Big Data and the Transformation of Schooling (2021, Routledge) and Teaching Performance Assessments as a Cultural Disruptor in Initial Teacher Education: Standards, Evidence and ollaboration (2021, Springer).
Lenore Adie (Ph.D.) is Associate Professor of Teacher Education and Assessment, and Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education, Australian Catholic University. Her research focuses on assessment and moderation processes as these contribute to quality assurance and improvement purposes. Her research has generated new knowledge in the field of assessment, focusing on quality in assessment practices and processes, in particular, within systems of standards-referenced assessment. She currently leads an Australian Research Council project investigating the use of scaled annotated exemplars of achievement standards in online moderation to improve teacher assessment capability. She has extensive professional experience working in schools as a teacher and in leadership positions, and in teacher education for over 30 years.
Michele Haynes (Ph.D.) is Professor of Data Analytics for Education Research at the Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education, Australian Catholic University. She is an accredited statistician in Australia with extensive experience as a statistical methodologist and innovator using longitudinal data for education research. Michele has expertise in the estimation of complex models for social applications using data from multiple sources, including panel surveys and administrative data.
Chantelle Day (Ph.D.) is Research Partnerships Manager at the Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education, Australian Catholic University. A significant priority within her portfolio includes management of the Institute’s largest, longitudinal research project titled the Graduate Teacher Performance Assessment: Standards and Moderation Project. Chantelle has experience in managing and supporting research projects involving various stakeholders and has worked at the Institute since the completion of her doctoral studies in 2017. Chantelle’s research expertise extends to the fields of equity and inclusion in higher education, teacher education, and assessment.
"Professionalizing Teacher Education: Performance Assessment, Standards, Moderation, and Evidence provides original, informative and significant insights into the black box of the design, development, validation, standard setting and implementation of the Graduate Teacher Performance Assessment (GTPA®) in Australia, as well as an account of the innovative and distinctive approach to cross-institutional standards-referenced moderation adopted. As such, this book will be necessary reading for all those interested in authentic assessment practices, in intelligent accountability, in teacher education reform and in improving the status and professionalism of both teacher education and teaching."
Professor Bob Lingard PhD FASSA FAcSS, Australian Catholic University
"This is an important book, providing an empirical response to the perennial question: 'What’s good enough for beginning teachers, and how would you know?' It draws substantially on a major national standard setting, benchmarking, and moderation reform initiative. This is an impressive contribution to the international debate, theoretically grounded, and empirically sophisticated."
Bill Louden AM, Emeritus Professor of Education, University of Western Australia