Profits, Security, and Human Rights in Developing Countries
Global Lessons from Canada’s Extractive Sector in Colombia
The extractive sector is a particular area of expertise for Canada and more than half of Canada’s mining assets abroad are located in Latin America, specifically in Brazil, Peru, Chile, and Colombia. The Canada-Colombia accord was the first free-trade agreement in the world to include annual Human Rights Impact Assessments (HRIA), and also includes a labour side accord where abuse complaints can be formally registered. Using Colombia as a case study, James Rochlin and his international and multidisciplinary line up of Canadian and Colombian scholars, and activists working in the area of human rights, and the judiciary explore:
- What is the best way to identify and operationalize for mutual benefit the concentric space between the interests of extractive corporations in profit and security, on the one hand, and the interests of the host communities in the promotion of human rights and human security, on the other?
- What can the four emblematic and diverse cases in Colombia (Meta, Sergovia, Marmato, and Bolivar/La Guajira) tell us about how to fine tune and improve a newly implemented governmental HRIA to render it an increasingly useful global instrument to promote simultaneously corporate security and human security for host communities?
- What is the most efficient and effective way to design and implement Corporate Social Responsibility Programs in a manner that promotes simultaneously corporate security and community human security?
Written in a clear and accessible style, Profits, Security, and Human Rights presents practical lessons on how to promote both corporate security and human security in communities where the extractive sector operates in the Global South.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction James Rochlin and Gustavo Gallón 2. Foreign Investment, Oil and Human Security: The Case of Pacific Rubiales Energy Corporation in Puerto Gaitán Beatriz Eugenia Sánchez (Dir.), Marco Velásquez, Sebastián Rubiano, and Ana María Muñoz 3. Ethnicity, Episteme and Gold: The Struggle for Human Security in Marmato James Rochlin 4. The Gold Trade and Human Security in Segovia and Remedios Adrián Restrepo Parra, Wilmar Martínez and Juan José Moncada 5. Open Pit Coal Mining in Northern Colombia: Institutional Weakness and the Supremacy of Capital Gustavo Rodríguez Albor, Jairo Agudelo Taborda and Ibelis Blanco Rangel 6. The Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Imbalances in the Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Canadian Investors in Colombia Gus Van Harten 7. Analytical Conclusions Claudia Donoso and James Rochlin
James Rochlin is Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia - Okanagan. He has published widely in the areas of Latin American Politics, Global Theory, and Critical Security.