Project Management : Systems, Principles, and Applications, Second Edition book cover
1st Edition

Project Management
Systems, Principles, and Applications, Second Edition

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ISBN 9781420083194
Published December 12, 2011 by CRC Press
587 Pages - 243 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

As organizations realize the benefits of PM, the need to develop effective management tools rises with the increasing complexity of new technologies and processes. Taking a systems approach to accomplishing goals and objectives, Project Management: Systems, Principles, and Applications covers contemporary tools and techniques of PM from an established pedagogical perspective.

A project can be simple or complex. In each case, proven PM processes must be followed with a world systems view of the project environment. While on-the-job training is possible for many of the PM requirements, rigorous and formal training must be used. Consequently, PM resources are of high utility. This text fills the void that exists in the availability of PM resources. Although individual books dealing with management principles, optimization models, and computer tools are available, there are few guidelines for the integration of these three areas for PM purposes.

This book integrates these areas into a comprehensive guide to PM. It introduces the triad approach to improve the effectiveness of PM with respect to schedule, cost, and performance constraints within the context of systems modeling. It provides details on an integrated systems PM approach that can help diminish the adverse impacts of these issues through good project planning, organizing, scheduling, and control.

CRC Press Authors Speak Adedeji B. Baduri speaks about his book. Watch the video

Table of Contents

Systems Principles for Project Management
Lessons from Classical Control Systems
Improved Organizational Performance
Definition of Systems Engineering
Project Systems Logistics
Systems Constraints
Systems Influence Philosophy
Systems Value Modeling
Example of Value Vector Modeling
Management by Project
Integrated Systems Implementation
Critical Factors for Systems Success
Early Systems Engineering
DODAF Systems Architecture for Project Management
Grand Challenges for Engineering
Systems View of the Grand Challenges
Body of Knowledge Methodology
Components of the Knowledge Areas
Project Systems Structure
Project Systems Implementation Outline
Systems Decision Analysis
Group Systems Decision-Making Models
Systems Hierarchy
D-E-J-I Model for Project Execution
Design Stage of D-E-J-I
State Transformation
Evaluation Stage of D-E-J-I
Half-Life Computation for Learning Curves
Justification Stage of D-E-J-I
Integration Stage of D-E-J-I

Systems-Wide Project Planning

Project Planning Objectives
Time–Cost–Performance Criteria for Planning
Systems Levels of Planning
Components of a Plan
Motivating the Project Team
Axiom of Theory X
Axiom of Theory Y
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Hygiene Factors and Motivators
Management by Objective
Management by Exception
Project Feasibility Study
Scope of Feasibility Analysis
Contents of Project Proposals
Budget Planning
Project Work Breakdown Structure
Legal Systems Considerations
Systems Information Flow
Cost and Value of Information
Triple C Model
Resolving Project Conflicts with Triple C
Classical Abilene Paradox

Project Systems Organization

Environmental Factors in Project Organization
Issues in Social and Cognitive Domains
Organizational Breakdown Structure
Formal and Informal Structures
Functional Organization
Product Organization
Matrix Organization Structure
Mixed Organization Structure
Alternate Organization Structures
Organizing Multinational Projects

Project Scheduling

Fundamentals of Network Analysis
Critical Path Method
CPM Calculation Example
Determination of Critical Activities
Gantt Charts
PERT Network Analysis
Precedence Diagramming Method
Formulation of Project Graph

Systematic Resource Allocation

Resource Allocation and Management
Resource-Constrained Scheduling
Resource Allocation Examples
Resource Allocation Heuristics
Quantitative Modeling of Worker Assignment
Takt Time for Activity Planning
Resource Work Rate
Work Rate Examples
Resource-Constrained PDM Network
Critical Resource Diagram
Resource Schedule Chart
Resource Loading and Leveling
Probabilistic Resource Utilization
Learning Curve Analysis
Interruption of Learning
Learning Curves in Health-Care Projects

Project Control System

Elements of Project Control
Information for Project Control
Control Charts
Statistical Analysis for Project Control
Probabilistic Decision Analysis
Decision Trees
Project Control through Rescheduling
Experimental Analysis for Project Control
Control through Termination

Project Systems Modeling and Optimization

Project Modeling
General Project Scheduling Formulation
Linear Programming Formulation
Activity Planning Example
Resource Combination Example
Resource Requirements Analysis
LP Formulation
Integer Programming Approach for Resource Scheduling
Time–Cost Trade-Off Model
Goal Programming

Cost Systems Analysis

Economic Analysis Process
Simple and Compound Interest Rates
Investment Life for Multiple Returns
Nominal and Effective Interest Rates
Cash-Flow Patterns and Equivalence
Compound Amount Factor
Present Worth Factor
Uniform Series Present Worth Factor
Uniform Series Capital Recovery Factor
Uniform Series Compound Amount Factor
Uniform Series Sinking Fund Factor
Capitalized Cost Formula
Permanent Investments Formula
Arithmetic Gradient Series
Increasing Geometric Series Cash Flow
Decreasing Geometric Series Cash Flow
Internal Rate of Return
Benefit–Cost Ratio
Simple Payback Period
Discounted Payback Period
Fixed and Variable Interest Rates
Amortization of Capitals
Equity Break-Even Point
Analysis of Tent Cash Flows
Special Application of Arithmetic Gradient Series
Design and Analysis of Tent Cash-Flow Profiles
Derivation of General Tent Equation
Multi-Attribute Project Selection
Utility Models
Additive Utility Model
Multiplicative Utility Model
Fitting a Utility Function
Polar Plots
Analytic Hierarchy Process
Cost Benchmarking

Advanced Topics in Project Planning and Control

Forecasting Techniques
Classical Inventory Management
Calculation of Total Relevant Cost
Seasonal Pattern Modeling

Advanced Techniques for Multiresource Scheduling

Notations Used in the Methodology
Analysis of Project Resources
Resource Modeling Background
Multiresource Methodology
Modeling of Resource Characteristics
Resource Mapper
Activity Scheduler
Model Implementation and Graphical Illustrations

Case Examples and Applications

Case Example: Project Systems View of World Economy
Global Systems View of the World
Economic Interdependence Model
Hybridization of Cultures
Market Integration as a Factor of Deterrent
Pursuit of Global Awareness for the Sake of Deterrent
Questions for Overseas Economic Engagement
Questions for Assessing Local Conditions
Questions for Economic–Cultural Nuances
Questions for Geographic Awareness
Questions for General Assessment
Labor as a Vehicle of Mutual Development
Awareness of Overseas Workforce Constraints
Hierarchy of National Needs
Prevention Is Better than Correction
Empathy, Sympathy, and Compassion Instead of Apathy
Sustainability of Global Alliances
Summary of the Case Example
Case Application: Coordination of Multinational Projects

Appendix A: Project Formulas
Appendix B: Project Management Acronyms
Appendix C: Project Terms and Definitions

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Featured Author Profiles

Author - Adedeji Bodunde Badiru

Adedeji Bodunde Badiru

Dean, Graduate School of Engineering and Management, Air Force Institute of Technology
Dayton, OH, USA

Learn more about Adedeji Bodunde Badiru »


"... addresses many aspects of project management. … The scope of subject matters in the book is very broad, covering many aspects of project management. The book is written and presented in a language and sequence that are easy to follow, thereby providing a key source for comprehension of project management. …a useful reference resource worth having close at hand and I would definitely keep a personal copy."
—Ezekiel Chinyio, University of Wolverhampton, UK