Properties of Materials: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Properties of Materials

1st Edition

By P.F. Kelly

CRC Press

427 pages | 302 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482206227
pub: 2014-12-01
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Description

The second volume in the author’s three-part series, Properties of Materials uses the principles of classical mechanics to qualitatively and quantitatively model specific features of matter.

The text develops linear models of elasticity to correlate and quantify the changes in an object’s shape induced by the application of a constant force. It describes quiescent and flowing liquids and gases and examines the behavior of oscillating systems subjected to time-dependent external applied forces. The author employs linear superposition to analyze the combined effects of two or more waves simultaneously present in a medium, such as standing waves, beating, interference, and diffraction. The book considers acoustics, including the production, propagation, and perception of sound, as well as optics, including the laws of reflection and refraction. It also treats temperature, heat, and thermometry before applying the laws of thermodynamics to ideal gas systems. Throughout the investigations of particular phenomena, the author emphasizes the modeling of composite systems assembled from simple constituents.

This text extends the rigorous calculus-based introduction to classical physics begun in his Elements of Mechanics. With more than 300 problems, it can serve as a primary textbook in an introductory physics course, as a student supplement, or as an exam review for graduate or professional studies.

Solutions manual available upon qualifying course adoption

View the author’s related textbooks Elements of Mechanics and Electricity and Magnetism.

Read reviews of Elements of Mechanics.

Table of Contents

Materials

‘Tidings’ of Rigidity’s Breakdown

Elastic Properties of Solids

Elastic Solids in Series and Parallel

Fluid Statics

Eureka!

Fluid Dynamics: Flux

Bernoulli’s Equation

No Confusion, It’s Just Diffusion

Baby, It’s Viscous Outside

Gas Gas Gas

Through the Earth and Back

Introduction to Simple Harmonic Oscillation

SHO–Time

Springs in Series and Parallel

SHO: Kinematics, Dynamics, and Energetics

Damped Oscillation: Qualitative

Damped Oscillation: Explicitly

Forced Oscillations

Impedance and Power

Resonance

The First Wave

Wave Dynamics and Phenomenology

Linear Superposition of Waves

Linear Superposition of Rightmoving Harmonic Waves

Standing Waves

Transverse Waves: Speed and Energetics

Speed of Longitudinal Waves

Energy Content of Longitudinal Waves

Inhomogeneous Media

Doppler Shifts

Huygens’ Principle, Interference, and Diffraction

Say Hello, Wave Goodbye

Optics

Mirror Mirror

Refraction

Through a Glass Darkly

Temperature and Thermometry

Heat

Convective and Conductive Heat Flow

Radiative Heat Flow

More Radiation

Laws of Thermodynamics 0 and 1

The First Law of Thermodynamics

First Law Encore

Isotherms and Adiabats

Thermodynamic Cycles and Heat Engines

The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Entropy Musings and the Third Law

The Canonical Ensemble

Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution Derived, Dulong and Petit Revisited

Epilogue

Materials Problems

Elasticity Problems

Fluids Problems

Oscillation Problems

Wave Problems

Acoustics and Optics Problems

Thermodynamics Problems

List of Symbols

Index

About the Author

P.F. Kelly is an associate professor of physics at Ave Maria University in Florida. He previously held a faculty position at North Dakota State University and he undertook post-doctoral studies at the Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and at the Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Winnipeg. He holds a Ph.D from the University of Toronto. His areas of interest include theoretical, particle, gravitational, mathematical, and computational physics.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science