The second volume in the author’s three-part series, Properties of Materials uses the principles of classical mechanics to qualitatively and quantitatively model specific features of matter.
The text develops linear models of elasticity to correlate and quantify the changes in an object’s shape induced by the application of a constant force. It describes quiescent and flowing liquids and gases and examines the behavior of oscillating systems subjected to time-dependent external applied forces. The author employs linear superposition to analyze the combined effects of two or more waves simultaneously present in a medium, such as standing waves, beating, interference, and diffraction. The book considers acoustics, including the production, propagation, and perception of sound, as well as optics, including the laws of reflection and refraction. It also treats temperature, heat, and thermometry before applying the laws of thermodynamics to ideal gas systems. Throughout the investigations of particular phenomena, the author emphasizes the modeling of composite systems assembled from simple constituents.
This text extends the rigorous calculus-based introduction to classical physics begun in his Elements of Mechanics. With more than 300 problems, it can serve as a primary textbook in an introductory physics course, as a student supplement, or as an exam review for graduate or professional studies.
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Table of Contents
‘Tidings’ of Rigidity’s Breakdown
Elastic Properties of Solids
Elastic Solids in Series and Parallel
Fluid Dynamics: Flux
No Confusion, It’s Just Diffusion
Baby, It’s Viscous Outside
Gas Gas Gas
Through the Earth and Back
Introduction to Simple Harmonic Oscillation
Springs in Series and Parallel
SHO: Kinematics, Dynamics, and Energetics
Damped Oscillation: Qualitative
Damped Oscillation: Explicitly
Impedance and Power
The First Wave
Wave Dynamics and Phenomenology
Linear Superposition of Waves
Linear Superposition of Rightmoving Harmonic Waves
Transverse Waves: Speed and Energetics
Speed of Longitudinal Waves
Energy Content of Longitudinal Waves
Huygens’ Principle, Interference, and Diffraction
Say Hello, Wave Goodbye
Through a Glass Darkly
Temperature and Thermometry
Convective and Conductive Heat Flow
Radiative Heat Flow
Laws of Thermodynamics 0 and 1
The First Law of Thermodynamics
First Law Encore
Isotherms and Adiabats
Thermodynamic Cycles and Heat Engines
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy Musings and the Third Law
The Canonical Ensemble
Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution Derived, Dulong and Petit Revisited
Acoustics and Optics Problems
List of Symbols
P.F. Kelly is an associate professor of physics at Ave Maria University in Florida. He previously held a faculty position at North Dakota State University and he undertook post-doctoral studies at the Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and at the Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Winnipeg. He holds a Ph.D from the University of Toronto. His areas of interest include theoretical, particle, gravitational, mathematical, and computational physics.
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