Proposing Empirical Research : A Guide to the Fundamentals book cover
2nd Edition

Proposing Empirical Research
A Guide to the Fundamentals

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ISBN 9781884585449
Published January 1, 2002 by Routledge
154 Pages

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Book Description

• Provides step-by-step instructions for students who will be writing their first research proposal in the social and behavioral sciences.

• Each major section is divided into short topics. For each topic, students complete an exercise that leads them toward the goal of preparing a proposal.

• Numerous examples throughout the book make the recommendations for proposal writing come alive.

• The model proposals at the end of the book illustrate proposal writing and provide material for classroom discussions.

• Provides concrete guidance for students who will be writing proposals for both quantitative and qualitative research.

• The structure of this book enables students to work independently with confidence while writing the first drafts of their proposals.

• All steps in proposal writing are clearly described and illustrated.

• Ideal for use in:

· research methods classes where students write a proposal as a term project,

· thesis/dissertation preparation classes,

· senior research seminars where proposing and conducting research is a culminating undergraduate activity, and

· any graduate-level seminar in which the instructor wants to incorporate a project that will engage students in critical thinking about the content area.

• Written by our best-selling author, Mildred L. Patten. Your students will appreciate her clear and informative style.

Table of Contents

Part A: Getting Started

1. What Is Empirical Research?

2. Identifying Broad Problem Areas

3. Evaluating Broad Problem Areas

4. Identifying and Combining Variables

5. Identifying Treatment Variables

6. Considering Demographic Variables

7. Writing Purposes and Hypotheses

Part B: A Closer Look at Problem Selection

8. Finding Ideas in the Literature

9. Considering a Body of Literature

10. Considering Theories

11. Determining Feasibility

Part C: Selecting a Research Approach

12. Qualitative Research

13. Survey Research

14. Correlational Research

15. Test Development Research

16. Experimental Research

17. Causal-Comparative Research

18. Program Evaluation

Part D: Organizing and Evaluating Literature

19. Organizing Literature by Topic

20. Evaluating Research Literature

21. Considering the History of a Topic

Part E: Writing the Introduction and Literature Review

22. A Separate Introduction

23. An Integrated Introduction and Literature Review

24. Writing the First Paragraph(s)

25. Using a Topic Outline

26. Being Selective and Critical

Part F: Proposing a Sample

27. Sampling in Qualitative Research

28. Random Sampling

29. Other Methods of Sampling: I

30. Other Methods of Sampling: II

31. Sample Size

Part G: Proposing Instrumentation

32. Qualitative Instrumentation

33. Proposing Published Instruments

34. Proposing New Instruments

35. Proposing to Measure Demographics

36. Ethical Issues in Measurement

Part H: Proposing Procedures

37. Nonexperimental Procedures

38. Procedures in Experiments

39. Ethical Issues and Procedures

Part I: Proposing Methods of Analysis

40. Qualitative Analysis

41. Analysis of Demographics

42. Relationships: Nominal

43. Relationships: Equal Interval

44. Group Differences

Part J: Concluding Tasks

45. Writing a Discussion Section

46. Giving the Proposal a Title

47. Preparing an Abstract

48. Developing a Timeline

49. Preparing a Reference List

Part K: Model Research Proposals for Discussion

Model Proposal 1: A Survey
Collegiate Athletic Trainers' Knowledge and Perceptions of Disordered Eating Behaviors in Athletes

Model Proposal 2: A Survey
Do Psychologists Adhere to the Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tobacco Cessation? A Survey of Practitioners

Model Proposal 3: Test Development Research
The Americans With Disabilities Act Knowledge Survey

Model Proposal 4: Single-Subject Research
The Effect of a Self-Monitored Relaxation Breathing Exercise on Male Adolescent Aggressive Behavior

Model Proposal 5: Quasi-Experimental Research
Intervening to Decrease Alcohol Abuse at University Parties: Differential Reinforcement of Intoxication Level

Model Proposal 6: True Experiment
Traits and Behaviors Assigned to an Adolescent Wearing an Alcohol Promotional T-Shirt

Model Proposal 7: Qualitative Research With Focus Groups
Effective Strategies for Esteem-Enhancement: What Do Young Adolescents Have to Say?

Model Proposal 8: Qualitative Research With Interviews
Feeling the Beat: The Meaning of Rap Music for Ethnically Diverse Midwestern College Students: A Phenomenological Study

Model Proposal 9: Combined Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Intimate-Partner Abuse Perpetrated by Employees

Table 1: Table of Recommended Sample Sizes

Appendix A: Locating Literature Electronically

Appendix B: Electronic Sources of Statistical Information

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