Proposing Empirical Research
A Guide to the Fundamentals
- This format is currently out of stock.
• Provides step-by-step instructions for students who will be writing their first research proposal in the social and behavioral sciences.
• Each major section is divided into short topics. For each topic, students complete an exercise that leads them toward the goal of preparing a proposal.
• Numerous examples throughout the book make the recommendations for proposal writing come alive.
• The model proposals at the end of the book illustrate proposal writing and provide material for classroom discussions.
• Provides concrete guidance for students who will be writing proposals for both quantitative and qualitative research.
• The structure of this book enables students to work independently with confidence while writing the first drafts of their proposals.
• All steps in proposal writing are clearly described and illustrated.
• Ideal for use in:
· research methods classes where students write a proposal as a term project,
· thesis/dissertation preparation classes,
· senior research seminars where proposing and conducting research is a culminating undergraduate activity, and
· any graduate-level seminar in which the instructor wants to incorporate a project that will engage students in critical thinking about the content area.
• Written by our best-selling author, Mildred L. Patten. Your students will appreciate her clear and informative style.
Table of Contents
Part A: Getting Started
1. What Is Empirical Research?
2. Identifying Broad Problem Areas
3. Evaluating Broad Problem Areas
4. Identifying and Combining Variables
5. Identifying Treatment Variables
6. Considering Demographic Variables
7. Writing Purposes and Hypotheses
Part B: A Closer Look at Problem Selection
8. Finding Ideas in the Literature
9. Considering a Body of Literature
10. Considering Theories
11. Determining Feasibility
Part C: Selecting a Research Approach
12. Qualitative Research
13. Survey Research
14. Correlational Research
15. Test Development Research
16. Experimental Research
17. Causal-Comparative Research
18. Program Evaluation
Part D: Organizing and Evaluating Literature
19. Organizing Literature by Topic
20. Evaluating Research Literature
21. Considering the History of a Topic
Part E: Writing the Introduction and Literature Review
22. A Separate Introduction
23. An Integrated Introduction and Literature Review
24. Writing the First Paragraph(s)
25. Using a Topic Outline
26. Being Selective and Critical
Part F: Proposing a Sample
27. Sampling in Qualitative Research
28. Random Sampling
29. Other Methods of Sampling: I
30. Other Methods of Sampling: II
31. Sample Size
Part G: Proposing Instrumentation
32. Qualitative Instrumentation
33. Proposing Published Instruments
34. Proposing New Instruments
35. Proposing to Measure Demographics
36. Ethical Issues in Measurement
Part H: Proposing Procedures
37. Nonexperimental Procedures
38. Procedures in Experiments
39. Ethical Issues and Procedures
Part I: Proposing Methods of Analysis
40. Qualitative Analysis
41. Analysis of Demographics
42. Relationships: Nominal
43. Relationships: Equal Interval
44. Group Differences
Part J: Concluding Tasks
45. Writing a Discussion Section
46. Giving the Proposal a Title
47. Preparing an Abstract
48. Developing a Timeline
49. Preparing a Reference List
Part K: Model Research Proposals for Discussion
Model Proposal 1: A Survey
Collegiate Athletic Trainers' Knowledge and Perceptions of Disordered Eating Behaviors in Athletes
Model Proposal 2: A Survey
Do Psychologists Adhere to the Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tobacco Cessation? A Survey of Practitioners
Model Proposal 3: Test Development Research
The Americans With Disabilities Act Knowledge Survey
Model Proposal 4: Single-Subject Research
The Effect of a Self-Monitored Relaxation Breathing Exercise on Male Adolescent Aggressive Behavior
Model Proposal 5: Quasi-Experimental Research
Intervening to Decrease Alcohol Abuse at University Parties: Differential Reinforcement of Intoxication Level
Model Proposal 6: True Experiment
Traits and Behaviors Assigned to an Adolescent Wearing an Alcohol Promotional T-Shirt
Model Proposal 7: Qualitative Research With Focus Groups
Effective Strategies for Esteem-Enhancement: What Do Young Adolescents Have to Say?
Model Proposal 8: Qualitative Research With Interviews
Feeling the Beat: The Meaning of Rap Music for Ethnically Diverse Midwestern College Students: A Phenomenological Study
Model Proposal 9: Combined Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Intimate-Partner Abuse Perpetrated by Employees
Table 1: Table of Recommended Sample Sizes
Appendix A: Locating Literature Electronically
Appendix B: Electronic Sources of Statistical Information