Professionals are a growing group in China and increasingly make their presence felt in governance and civil society. At the same time, however, professionals in the West are under increasing pressure from commercialism or scepticism about their ability to rise above self-interest.
This book focuses on professionals in China and asks whether developing countries have a fateful choice: to embrace Western models of professional organization as they now exist, or to set off on an independent path, adapting elements of Western practices to their own historical and cultural situation. In doing so, the authors in this volume discuss a wealth of issues, including: the historic antecedents of modern Chinese professionalism; the implications of professionalism as an import in China; the impact of socialism, the developmental state and rampant commercialism on the professions in China; and the feasibility of liberal professions in an illiberal state. To conclude, the book considers whether there might be an emerging professionalism with Chinese characteristics, and how this might have an impact on the professions elsewhere.
Prospects for the Professions in China will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, law, sociology, medical studies and cultural studies.
1. Introduction: William Alford and Kenneth Winston Part I: Professions and the law 2. Judicial professionalization in China: in light of the Republican experience: Xiaoqun Xu 3. "Second lawyers, first principles": lawyers, rice-roots legal workers, and the battle over legal professionalism in China William P. Alford 4. Judicial professionalism in China: from discourse to reality Yu Xingzhong Part II: Professions and the healing of body and soul 5. The state of medical professionalism in China: past, present, and future William C. Hsiao and Linying Hu 6. The work of nursing in China’s hospitals Suzanne Z. Gottschang 7. Medical ethics and professional norms: the tale of two medical centers in Taiwan William C. Hsiao and Ping-Chen Hsiung 8. The professionalization of clergy in China Richard Madsen Part III: Professions and accountability 9. Reputational intermediary, public watchdog or "off-state payroll economic policeman": comparing the role of Chinese public accountants Zhaodong Jiang10. Negotiating good work in Chinese journalism Judy Polumbaum 11. Advisors to rulers: serving the state and the wayKenneth Winston Part IV: Professions and the future 12. Formation and re-formation of the architecture profession in China: episodes, underlying aspects, and present needs Peter G. Rowe and Bing Wang 13. Engineers and the state in modern China William C. Kirby 14. Business professionalism in mainland China: wading in shallow waters Margaret M. Pearson