The introduction of psychoanalysis to China over the last twenty years brings a clash between Eastern and Western philosophical backgrounds. Chinese patients, therapists and trainees struggle with assumptions inherent in an analytic attitude steeped in Western ideas of individualism that are often at odds with a Chinese Confucian ethic of respect for the family and the work group. The situation is further complicated by the rapid evolution of Chinese culture itself, emerging from years of trauma, new economics, and the one child policy of the last generation that has introduced a new Chinese brand of individualism and new family structure that are not equivalent to those of the West. This volume breaks new ground in exploring these issues and challenges to the introduction of analytic therapies into China, from the viewpoint of Western teachers, and Chinese teachers, clinicians, anthropologists and observers.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSABOUT THE EDITORS AND CONTRIBUTORSINTRODUCTIONDavid E. Scharff and Sverre VarvinPART I: CHINESE CULTURE AND HISTORY RELEVANT TO MENTAL HEALTH CHAPTER ONE Idealising individual choice: work, love, and family in the eyes of young, rural Chinese Mette Halskov Hansen and Cuiming Pang CHAPTER TWO Psychoanalytically oriented psychotherapy and the Chinese self Antje Haag CHAPTER THREE China-a traumatised country? The aftermath of the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) for the individual and for society Tomas Plankers CHAPTER FOUR The religious context of China's psycho-boom Hsuan-Ying Huang CHAPTER FIVE The encounter of psychoanalysis and Chinese culture Lin Tao CHAPTER SIX Yin yang philosophy and Chinese mental health Li Ming CHAPTER SEVEN Psychoanalysis meets China: transformative dialogue or monologue of the western voice? Jose Saporta DISCUSSION OF CHAPTER SEVEN 87 Sverre Varvin CHAPTER EIGHT The shibboleth of cross-cultural issues in psychoanalytic treatment Elise Snyder CHAPTER NINE Collective castration anxieties: an ethnopsychoanalytic perspective on relations between the sexes in China Alf Gerlach CHAPTER TEN Five things western therapists need to know for working with Chinese therapists and patients David E. ScharffPART II: THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOANALYSIS AND PSYCHOTHERAPY IN CHINA CHAPTER ELEVEN West-East differences in habits and ways of thinking: the influence on understanding and teaching psychoanalytic therapy Sverre Varvin and Bent Rosenbaum CHAPTER TWELVE The impact of psychic trauma on individuation and self-identity: how the psychic trauma of poverty affects individuation and self identity in the context of the Chinese family Yang Yunping CHAPTER THIRTEEN Working with Chinese patients: are there conflicts between Chinese culture and psychoanalysis? Zhong Jie CHAPTER FOURTEEN The development of psychoanalysis in China Shi Qijia CHAPTER FIFTEEN Transference and countertransference in a Chinese setting: reflections on a psychotherapeutic process Wang Zhiyan and Anders Zachrisson CHAPTER SIXTEEN Sleeping Beauty's dream: when a myth from the East meets a tale from the West, a new story is born on the TV screen, one that can be understood psychoanalytically Irmgard Dettbarn DISCUSSION OF CHAPTER SIXTEEN Rainer Rehberger Sverre VarvinPART III: DEVELOPING TRAINING IN CHINA CHAPTER SEVENTEEN The development of psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis in China Sverre Varvin and Alf Gerlach CHAPTER EIGHTEEN The development of psychoanalytic psychotherapy at Shanghai Mental Health Centre Xu Yong, Qiu Jianyin, Chen Jue, and Xiao Zeping CHAPTER NINETEEN Introducing psychoanalytic therapy into China: the CAPA experience Ralph E. Fishkin and Lana P. Fishkin CHAPTER TWENTY German psychoanalysts in China and the start of group therapy work Alf Gerlach CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE Research on the development of Chinese psychoanalysts and psychotherapists Li Yawen CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO Dynamic psychotherapy: a model for teaching and supervision in China Siri Erika Gullestad CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE Learning, translating, and practising analytic psychotherapy in China Gao Jun CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR Learning analytic psychotherapy as a student and psychiatric resident in Shanghai Qi Wei CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE Assessment and early treatment in psychoanalysis in China Liu Yiling CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX Navigating the uncharted psychoanalytic seascape between East and West: a pilot project with Hainan Anning Hospital that cultivated mutual learning Caroline SehonPART IV: MARRIAGE AND MARITAL THERAPY IN CHINA AND TAIWAN CHAPTER TWENTY-SEVEN The impact of Chinese cultures on a marital relationship Jill Savege Scharff and David E. Scharff CHAPTER TWENTY-EIGHT Cultural factors and projective identification in understanding a Chinese couple Shi Qijia and David E. Scharff CHAPTER TWENTY-NINE The intergenerational and cultural transmission of trauma in Chinese couples: treatment considerations Janine Wanlass CHAPTER THIRTY Conflict between extended families and couple identity in Taiwan-a psychoanalytic exploration Hui-Wen TengEPILOGUEDavid E. Scharff and Sverre VarvinINDEX