These two volumes represent the cutting edge of contemporary theory and research in psychological science. Based on the keynote and state-of-the-art lectures from the 27th International Congress of Psychology, the volumes feature a collection of chapters written by international leaders in psychological scholarship. The chapters reflect the diversity of current research topics in psychology, where old boundaries have become obsolete and subdivisions from the past merge to form new objects of study. Volume 1 addresses cognitive, biological, and health perspectives. It includes sections on the neural mechanisms underlying psychological processes; the core areas in experimental psychology, perception, attention, learning, and memory; the multiple aspects of psychological health; the interaction between cognitive and emotional processes; and higher cognitive processes with special focus on decision-making and language. Volume 2 deals with social, developmental, and clinical perspectives. The sections highlight human development across the life span; basic and applied issues in personality, emotion, and clinical psychology; social psychology, ranging from experimental work through social constructivism; and gender.
List of Contributors. The XXVII International Congress of Psychology. Committees. L. Backman, C. von Hofsten, Preface. Section 1. Developmental Psychology. N.L. Pedersen, Behavior Genetics and the Future of Psychology. M.K. Rothbart, D. Derryberry, Temperament in Children. E.E. Maccoby, The Intersection of Nature and Socialization in Childhood Gender Development. L. Pulkkinen, Social Development and its Risk Factors. R.E. Tremblay, The Origins of Youth Violence. H. Zhang, China's Educational Reform and Psychology. M.C. Rossetti-Ferreira, F. Ramon, A.R. Barreto, Improving Early Childcare and Education in Developing Countries. J. Brandstädter, Protective Processes in Later Life: Maintaining and Revising Personal Goals. G.H. Elder, Jr., M.K. Johnson, Perspectives on Human Development in Context. Section 2. Personality, Emotion, and Clinical Psychology. J. Allik, Towards a Theory of Personality. G.V. Caprara, Personality Psychology: Filling the Gap between Basic Processes and Molar Functioning. N. Humphrey, Great Expectations: The Evolutionary Psychology of Faith Healing and the Placebo Effect. J. van der Pligt, Cognition and Affect in Risk Perception and Risky Decision Making. F.J. Labrador, A. Fernández-Alba, Treatment of Pathological Gambling. Section 3. Social Psychology. S. Kitayama, Cultural Psychology of the Self: A Renewed Look at Independence and Interdependence. K.K. Chon, Cultural Aspects of Anger. G. Bornstein, The Intergroup Prisoner's Dilemma Game as a Model of Intergroup Conflict. R. Diaz-Loving, A Bio-Psycho-Socio-Cultural Approach to Couple Relationships. A.H. Winefield, The Psychology of Unemployment. S. Kvale, The Church, the Factory, and the Market as Metaphors for Psychology. K.J. Gergen, Psychological Science in a Postmodern Context. Section 4. Gender Psychology. B. Davies, Psychology's Gendered Subject. H. Haavind, What is Gender about - When Women Are 'Not Any Longer' and 'Not Yet'? J.M. Ussher, Premenstrual Syndrome: Fact, Fantasy, or Fiction?