What are the conceptual and practical territories of psychology? How have the boundaries of psychological thought, research and practice developed in history, and how might they be renegotiated today? This volume presents new approaches to these questions, resulting from a three-year collaboration among internationally known psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, and historians and philosophers of science from Germany and the United States under the auspices of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. The authors reflect critically on past and present views of psychology by focusing on three broad topic areas: How have psychological concepts been used in disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, or neuroscience, as well as daily life? Has the use of instruments in psychological research expanded or restricted the discipline’s reach? And, how have psychological thinking and research worked in practical contexts? The volume investigates separations between, as well as interactions among, psychology and its neighboring fields and tries to overcome disciplinary distinctions in exemplary ways. The contributions aim to make historical and philosophical studies of psychology relevant to contemporary concerns, and to show how psychology can profit from better interdisciplinary cooperation–thus improving mutual understanding between different scientific cultures.
Table of Contents
Contents: P.B. Baltes, Foreword. Introduction: M.G. Ash, Psychological Thought and Practice: Historical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Part I: Psychological Concepts in Different Domains: Shared or Divided Meanings? Attention: S. Lders, "Fluctuations of Attention" Between Physiology, Experimental Psychology, and Psychotechnical Application. Intention and Will: J. Brandtst„dter, Causality, Intentionality, and the Causation of Intentions: The Problematic Boundary. W. Prinz, A Critique of Free Will: Psychological Remarks on a Social Institution. M. Heidelberger, Freedom AND Science! The Presumptuous Metaphysics of Free Will Disdainers. S. Maasen, Governing by Will-The Shaping of the Will in Self-Help Manuals. The Self: J.G. Morawski, Scientific Selves: Discerning Subjects and Experimenters in Experimental Psychology in the United States, 1900-1935. K.J. Gergen, The Self: Colonization in Psychology and Society. T. Sturm, The Self Between Psychology and Philosophy: The Case of Self-Deception. Part II: Roles of Instruments in Psychological Research. Instruments as Organizers of Research Practices:
H. Gundlach, What Is a Psychological Instrument? F. Strack, N. Schwarz, Asking Questions: Measurement in the Social Sciences. Instruments at Disciplinary Frontiers: Psychology and the Neurosciences: G. Roth, T.F. Mnte, H.J. Heinze, Can the Psyche Be Visualized by the Neurosciences?
R. B”sel, Brain Imaging Methods and the Study of Cognitive Processes: Potentials and Limits. M. Hagner, Mind Reading, Brain Mirror, Neuroimaging: Insight Into the Brain or the Mind? Instruments as Metaphors for Psychological Objects: G. Gigerenzer, T. Sturm, Tools=Theories=Data? On Some Circular Dynamics in Cognitive Science. Conclusion: J. Capshew, Reflexivity Revisited: Changing Psychology's Frame of Reference.
"Psychology's Territories: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives From Different Disciplines will be a ‘must have’ for anyone interested in the history of psychology... Of particular value is the book's interdisciplinary nature. This is not just a book by psychologists about psychology but includes contributions from historians, philosophers, and neuroscientists as well. The sparks generated by the friction between the representatives of different disciplines really do illuminate the issues considered… In a brief review it is not possible to do justice to the richness of the material in this book… there is not a weak chapter in the bunch." – John G. Benjafield, PsycCRITIQUES