Public Health Entomology  book cover
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1st Edition

Public Health Entomology




ISBN 9781439848814
Published September 12, 2012 by CRC Press
230 Pages 129 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

In the struggle against vector-borne diseases, it is critical that we bridge the gap between vector control workers on the ground (practitioners) and public health planners and administrators. Limited guidance is available from the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization, but reference books are scarce. Public Health Entomology comprehensively examines vector-borne disease prevention, surveillance, and control from a governmental and public health perspective with worldwide application.

Divided into two sections, the book begins with a historical account of the early beginnings of pest control and public health. Next, it outlines the concepts, design, and implementation of a sound public health entomology program. The second section provides an overview of some of the most common public health pests that are found globally. Copious photos and line drawings accentuate the text, along with textboxes and sidebars.

Author Jerome Goddard designed and implemented the vector control program along the Mississippi Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina. His ability to communicate his knowledge and experience to public health professionals and the general public make this book an essential resource for preventing disease from these vector-borne threats.

Table of Contents

ESSENTIALS OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENTOMOLOGY
History of Medical Entomology and Public Health
Introduction and Background
Medical Entomology versus Public Health Entomology
Historical Aspects of Medical Entomology
Malaria in Mississippi as an Example of Historic Public Health Entomology
Regional Differences/Patterns of Outbreaks
Factors Contributing to Malaria in Mississippi
Pesticides and Entomologists in the Fight against Malaria In Mississippi

Early Beginnings of Public Health
Public Health in General
The Ten Essential Public Health Services
Public Health Administration
Health Laws and Regulations
Prosecution Issues
Pest Control in Modern Public Health
The Role of Pesticides in Public Health
Pesticide Laws and Registration
History and Current Status of Pesticides
Lack of Pesticides: A Cause for Future Concern
Setting Up a Public Health Entomology Program
Structure, Organization, and Classification Issues
Clarification of the Public Health Entomologist’s Role
Private versus Public Pest Problems
Duties of the Public Health Entomologist
Providing Entomology Training
Medical Student and Laboratory Technician Training
Sanitarian or Environmental Health Specialist Training
Vector-Borne Disease Surveillance
Overview of Surveillance Types
Sentinel Birds
Wild Bird Surveillance
Surveillance Using Nonhuman Mammals
Human Case Surveillance
Mosquito Surveillance
The Purpose and Practice of Mosquito Surveillance
Mosquito Surveillance Networks
Mosquito Egg Surveys
Larval Surveys
Adult Surveys
Landing Counts
Daytime Resting Stations
Light Traps
Oviposition or Gravid Traps
Preserving Adult Mosquitoes
Habitat Mapping and Record Keeping
Regulatory and political challenges
Helper versus Enforcer
Pests and Nuisances
Enabling Legislation
When Politics Interferes with Public Health
Antivaccination and Antipesticide Fears
Using Politics to Avoid Enforcement
Public Health Entomology Preparedness
Disease Emergence
Prevention of Human Risks Associated with Travel and Arthropod Contact
Disaster Vector Control
Pests Involved
Pest Control Options
Military Aerial Spraying Capability
How the Military Spray System Works
The Air Force Response to Hurricane Katrina
The Mississippi Department of Health Katrina Experience

Operational Research Opportunities in Public Health Entomology
Background and Purpose of Research in Public Health Entomology
Types of Research
Funding Sources and Examples of State Labs
Collaborative Research
Where to Go for Help
State or Local Health Departments
Universities
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The World Health Organization
SOME OF THE PRIMARY PESTS AND CONDITIONS OF PUBLIC HEALTH IMPORTANCE
Mosquitoes
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Ticks
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Fleas
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Lice
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Sand Flies
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Tsetse Flies
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Black Flies
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Bed Bugs
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Kissing Bugs
Importance and Physical Description
Distribution
Impact on Human Health
Mites
Importance and Physical Description
Chiggers
Other Biting Mites
House Dust Mites

Distribution
Chiggers
Other Biting Mites
House Dust Mites
Impact on Human Health
Chiggers
Other Biting Mites
House Dust Mites
Pests Involved in Mechanical Disease Transmission
Background and Medical Significance
Filth Flies
Rodents
Cockroaches

Prevention, Treatment, and Control
Arthropod Bites or Stings
Introduction and Medical Significance
Pathogenesis
Bite Apparatus
Sting Apparatus
Direct Damage to Tissue
Infectious Complications

Clues to Recognizing Insect Bites or Stings
Differential Diagnosis
Conclusions
Fly Larvae in Humans (Myiasis)
Introduction and Medical Significance
Accidental Myiasis
Facultative Myiasis
Obligate Myiasis

Contributing Factors
Accidental Myiasis
Facultative Myiasis
Obligate Myiasis
Myiasis in Clinical Practice
Differential Diagnosis

Prevention, Treatment, and Control
INDEX

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Author(s)

Biography

Jerome Goddard is an associate extension professor of medical and veterinary entomology at Mississippi State University, where he conducts research on a wide variety of medically important pests. In addition to his extension duties, Dr. Goddard also teaches courses in medical entomology and forensic entomology. Prior to coming to MSU, Dr. Goddard was the state medical entomologist at the Mississippi Department of Health for 20 years, where he developed and implemented all vector control projects throughout the state of Mississippi.

Featured Author Profiles

Author - Jerome  Goddard
Author

Jerome Goddard

Associate Extension Professor, Mississippi State University
Mississippi State, MS, USA

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Reviews

A reference text on public health entomology is long overdue. … Jerome Goddard’s experience and talent make him perfectly suited to write [this] book. … Infectious diseases, including those that are vector-borne, are here to stay. International travel, climate change, military activity in remote and tropical parts of the world, and even spreading suburbs will likely lead to an increase in their incidence and distribution in temperate zones. Public health officials must be ready to meet these new challenges. This text should go a long way in helping health officials prepare for and respond to these future threats.
—Mary Currier, MD, MPH, State Health Officer, Mississippi Department of Health, from the Foreword