1st Edition

Public Health Nutrition in Developing Countries

Edited By Sheila Chander Vir
    1770 Pages
    by Routledge

    The last decade has witnessed continuous development in the field of public health nutrition – especially in terms of a shift from ‘what’ to “how”.

    The two volumes of this book explore the intersection of nutrition and public health to analyze the impact of dietary choices on communities and individuals. Volume I details the evidence-based strategies, global health challenges, and nutrition-sensitive issues to cover the important aspects of nutrition, which are essential for developing an understanding of public health. Volume II covers other allied concepts such as food-agriculture, food systems, dietary diversity, food fortification, water-sanitation, and conditional and non-conditional cash.

    The subject matter of this book includes:

    • Nutrition epidemiology for developing countries
    • Dual nutrition burden in women
    • Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)
    • Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in young children
    • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

    Print edition not for sale in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan or Bhutan)



    List of Contributors

    1. Investing in nutrition: Central to sustainable development

    Sheila C. Vir and Alok Ranjan

    2. Principles of epidemiology and epidemiological methods

    Sanjay P. Zodpey

    3. Nutrition epidemiology for developing countries

    Usha Ramakrishnan and Ines G. Casanova

    4. Measuring undernutrition and overnutrition in children

    Dheeraj Shah, Shalu Jain and H.P.S. Sachdev

    5. Undernutrition in children: Significance, current situation, determinants, programme principles and intervention package

    Sheila C. Vir

    6. Essential newborn health and nutrition care: Emerging and evolving interventions and program scenario: Global and India

    Richa Singh Pandey and Sheila C. Vir

    7. Nutrition care of term, preterm and sick newborns

    Tapas Bandyopadhyay and Arti Maria

    8. Optimal infant and young child feeding

    Ranadip Chowdhury and Nita Bhandari

    9. Protection, promotion and support to breastfeeding

    Arun Gupta and Shoba Suri

    10. Optimal neonatal nutrition and care: Early and exclusive breastfeeding and human milk banking support system

    Ruchika Chugh Sachdeva and Paramita Kundu

    11. Complementary feeding: Programme design framework, implementation and measuring progress

    Aashima Garg

    12. Infant and young child feeding: Tracking development in policy, community-based program strategy and emerging lessons for future direction in LMICs

    Kajali Paintal Goswami

    13. Nutrition care in the first year of life: Significance, key experiences and emerging lessons in preventing growth faltering and promoting “catch up” growth

    Rupal M. Dalal and Satish B. Agnihotri

    14. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM): Community and facility-based management

    Praveen Kumar and Shivani Rohatgi

    15. Prevention and management of overweight and obesity in children

    Anura Kurpad and Sumathi Swaminathan

    16. Nutrition care of adolescents: Crucial for optimum growth, development and intergenerational health

    Neena Bhatia and Sheila C. Vir

    17. Improving women’s nutrition: Critical for breaking the life cycle of malnutrition

    Sheila C. Vir

    18. Dual nutrition burden in women

    Prema Ramachandran

    19. Nutrition for the elderly

    Seema Puri and Majida Shaheen

    20. Malnutrition and non-communicable diseases (NCDs)

    Shweta Khandelwal

    21 Metabolism of iron, folic acid and vitamin B12

    K. Madhavan Nair

    22. Nutritional anaemia during critical life periods: Pregnancy, early childhood and adolescence

    Subadra Seshadri and Jai Ghanekar

    23. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in young children

    Sheila C. Vir, Kapil Yadav and Gomathi Ramaswamy

    24. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in adolescent girls

    Sheila C. Vir, Kapil Yadav, Gomathi Ramaswamy

    25. Vitamin A deficiency: Prevention and control

    Sheila C. Vir

    26. National iodine deficiency disorders control programme, India

    Sheila C. Vir, Kapil Yadav, Kashish Vohra

    27. Universal Salt Iodization (USI) and Double Fortified Salt: Iron and Iodine (DFS)

    M. G. Venkatesh Mannar and Meena H. Jadhav

    28. Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) Control Program: Sustaining Progress Imperative

    Chandrakant S. Pandav, Kapil Yadav, Srishti Arora

    29. Food fortification to address micronutrient deficiencies

    M. G. Venkatesh Mannar and Meena H. Jadhav

    30. Fortification of Wheat Flour (FWF) with iron, folic Acid and B12

    Sheila C. Vir

    31. Leveraging agriculture for nutrition

    Bhavani R V and Priya Rampal

    32. Nutrition-sensitive food systems: Experience and current scenario in developing countries

    Lalita Bhattacharjee, Richemont Seki and Kraisid Tontisirin

    33. Dietary diversity: Significance, determinants, interventions and diversity measures

    Shavika Gupta and Sheila C. Vir

    34. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): A nutrition-sensitive intervention

    Sheila C. Vir and Reema Chugh

    35. Cash Transfer (CT) programmes and maternal, infant and young child nutrition: Experiences of low and middle-income countries

    Sheila C. Vir and Reema Chugh

    36. Developing social and behaviour change programs for improving maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) at scale

    Ruchin Sharma, Sebanti Ghosh and Tina Sanghvi

    37. Planning and implementation of public health nutrition programs: Principles and practice

    Jyoti Sharma

    38. Monitoring and evaluation: Public health nutrition programmes

    Sheila C. Vir and Reema Chugh

    39. Research methods in public health and nutrition

    Padam Singh and Arun. K. Nigam



    Sheila Chander Vir is senior Public Health Nutrition consultant and the Founder Director of Public Health Nutrition and Development Centre, New Delhi, India. She completed MSc (Foods and Nutrition) from Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, India and PhD from the Institute of Clinical Sciences, Queen’s University of Belfast, United Kingdom. She was also Programme Officer (Nutrition) with UNICEF (India) where she provided strategic and technical leadership for policy formulation and implementation of nutrition programmes in India and the state of Uttar Pradesh.