Public Health Practice in Australia offers a thorough introduction to what public health practitioners do, and the 'effort' involved in improving the health of the public.
This second edition has been fully revised and updated in line with current policies and practice. It highlights common threads that underlie seemingly disparate activities, ideas and entities that comprise the organised effort of public health practice. The emphasis is on securing and maintaining the conditions in society that enable people to live healthy and fulfilling lives.
The authors examine the impact of historical, social, economic, environmental and political factors on the health of individuals, communities and populations. Taking an applied, multidisciplinary approach, they outline the strategies and tools that public health practitioners use to improve health outcomes: identifying infrastructure needs in the workforce, public and private sector organisations, and in regulation; gathering, analysing and using health data; applying interventions in health policy, provision of health services and health promotion.
Public Health Practice in Australia draws on current international and Australian research and the interwoven case studies make the theories and concepts come alive. It is a valuable resource for students and professionals across the health sciences including public health, medicine, environmental health, health promotion, health information management and health administration.
'The book is impressive in the completeness, clarity and consistency of the material covered, and for the way in which many of the theoretical issues are related to current practice. An extremely useful and valuable reference for both students and practitioners alike.' - Thomas Tenkate, Environmental Health
Table of Contents
List of tables and figures
Abbreviations and acronyms
About the authors
PART I BACKGROUND: THE BASICS
1 What is public health? Definitions and applications
2 The historical development of public health: Landmarks in the field
3 Health in Australia today: Health status, the health-care system and the place of public health
PART II CONCEPTUAL AND ANALYTICAL TOOLKIT: KEY CONCEPTS AND FRAMEWORKS
4 Distribution of health and its determinants: Changing concepts and models
5 Explaining differences and determinants: Environment, society and behaviour
6 Public health interventions: From quarantine to the rise of 'evidence-based practice'
7 Health systems and policy: Making sense of the complex mosaic
PART III PUBLIC HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE: BUILDING BLOCKS AND THE SYSTEM OF DELIVERY
8 Who delivers public health? Contemporary policies and players
9 Legislative authority for public health action: How governments and societal expectations intersect
10 Public health intelligence: Information and the research base for action
11 Human and financial resources: Essential foundations for action
PART IV PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION: KEY INTERVENTIONS FROM PAST TO PRESENT
12 Surveillance and disease control: From data to intervention
13 Health protection: From the physical environment to ecological health
14 Preventive services: Linking public health and personal health care
15 Health promotion: From lifestyles to societal determinants of health
16 Health maintenance and improvement for vulnerable populations: From needs to rights
PART V PUBLIC HEALTH CHALLENGES: EMERGING ISSUES AND RESPONSES
17 Public health governance: Politics of participation, decision-making and accountability
18 Futures of public health: Where to now for the organised effort?
19 A final note on ethical practice
Appendix A: Australian core public health functions
Appendix B: Millennium Development Goals
Appendix C: Commonwealth Department of Health structure, 1921-2012
Appendix D: Commonwealth population health divisions, 1961-2012
Appendix E: Approaches and theories for health promotion
Appendix F: Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1986 (extract)
Appendix G: Evidence-based public health: Recommendations form Taskforce on Community Preventive Services
Appendix H: Examples of public health laws in Australia
Appendix I: Examples of new diseases identified in humans since 1975
Appendix J: Core environmental health services provided by Health Departments and environment protection agencies
Appendix K: Vaccine start dates in Australia
Appendix L: Common food- or water-borne pathogens
Sources for definitions
VIVIAN LIN is Professor of Public Health at La Trobe University, Vice President for Scientific Affairs for the International Union for Health Promotion and Education and Senior Editor for Health Policy for Social Science and Medicine. She has held senior positions in a range of health authorities and non-government organisations across Australia, and is the co-author of Health Planning (2001) and co-editor of Evidence-based Health Policy (2003).
JAMES SMITH is an independent public health planning consultant and public health policy adviser to local government and its peak bodies. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor in the School of Public Health and Human Biosciences at La Trobe University and in the School of the Environment at Flinders University. He is a past President of Environmental Health Australia and former Editor-in-Chief of the journal Environmental Health.
SALLY FAWKES is Senior Lecturer in Health Promotion and Leadership at La Trobe University where she teaches post-graduate subjects in public health policy, health promotion, and law and management in health. She has extensive national and international experience in health promotion policy development and practice. She serves on the boards of Women's Health Victoria and the International Network of Health Promoting Hospitals and Health Services.