Public Health and the Modernization of China, 1865–2015 (Hardback) book cover

Public Health and the Modernization of China, 1865–2015

By Liping Bu

© 2017 – Routledge

302 pages | 11 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2017-03-07
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Description

This book, based on extensive original research, traces the development of China’s public health system, showing how advances in public health have been an integral part of China’s rise. It outlines the phenomenal improvements in public health, for example the increase in life expectancy from 38 in 1949 to 73 in 2010; relates developments in public health to prevailing political ideologies; and discusses how the drivers of health improvements were, unlike in the West, modern medical professionals and intellectuals who understood that, whatever the prevailing ideology, China needs to be a strong country. The book explores how public health concepts, policies, programmes, institutions and practices changed and developed through social and political upheavals, war, and famine, and argues that this perspective of China’s development is refreshingly different from China’s development viewed purely in political terms.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

Acknowledgments

List of abbreviations

Primary sources

Introduction: modernization and public health

1 Public health: a modern concept of national power

Introduction

From salubrious cities to polluted treaty ports

Hygiene and public health: a divide of foreigners and Chinese

Missionaries and Western medicine

The Boxer Uprising, public health and modern reforms

Social Darwinism and national strength

The Manchurian plague and national sovereignty

Modern prevention measures and traditional social customs

Public health and Western medicine

Health education campaigns: public health and national strength

Government policy, modern medicine, and public health

Conclusion

Notes

2 Science, public health and national renaissance

Introduction

The science society of China and the new culture of science

Medical and social understanding of the human body

Peking Union Medical College: an American outpost of medical science in China

1917–1918 plague: epidemic prevention and popularization of science

John B. Grant and the training of public health professionals

Sanitary control, vital statistic collection,and tensions in the community

Maternal care and midwifery training

Health stations in urban and rural China

State medicine and national health

Conclusion

Notes

3 Building a modern health system: GMD’s state medicine and CCP’s people’s health, 1920s–40s

Introduction

Part I: GMD’s state building and health modernization

Part II: Health development at CCP revolutionary bases

Conclusion

Notes

4 People’s health and socialist reconstruction

Introduction

Laying the foundation: national health policies and tasks (1949–1953)

Patriotic Health Movement, literacy, and scientific socialist reconstruction

Uniting Chinese and Western medicines: a difficult road in the 1950s

Healthcare in urban and rural China

Rural health and barefoot doctors during the Cultural Revolution

Disease control and social transformation: cases of anti-tuberculosis and anti-malaria campaigns

Conclusion

Notes

5 Economic reforms and new healthcare

Introduction

Marketization of economy and the collapse of socialist healthcare

Government efforts to reform and re-build the health system

Conclusion

Notes

Index

About the Author

Liping Bu is a Professor of History at Alma College, Michigan, USA.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Asia has undergone immense and far reaching changes: war, revolution, occupation, industrialization. This series includes in-depth research on aspects of economic, political and social history of individual countries as well as more broad-reaching analyses of regional issues.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HEA000000
HEALTH & FITNESS / General
SOC008000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General