Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries

1st Edition

By Ashish Verma, T.V. Ramanayya

CRC Press

278 pages | 117 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-12-17
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Description

Developing Countries Have Different Transportation Issues and Requirements Than Developed Countries

An efficient transportation system is critical for a country’s development. Yet cities in developing countries are typically characterized by high-density urban areas and poor public transport, as well as lack of proper roads, parking facilities, road user discipline, and control of land use, resulting in pollution, congestion, accidents, and a host of other transportation problems. Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries examines the status of urban transport in India and other developing countries. It explains the principles of public transport planning and management that are relevant and suitable for developing countries, addresses current transportation system inefficiencies, explores the relationship between mobility and accessibility, and analyzes the results for future use.

Considers Socioeconomic and Demographic Characteristics

It’s projected that by 2030, developing nations will have more vehicles than developed nations, and automated guided transit (AGT) and other transport systems will soon be available in India. This text compares five cities using specific indicators—urbanization, population growth, vehicle ownership, and usage. It determines demographic and economic changes in India, and examines how these changes have impacted transportation demand and supply, transport policy and regulations, and aspects of economics and finance related to public transport. The authors emphasize preserving and improving existing modes, efficient use of the public transport management infrastructure, implementing proper planning measures, and encouraging a shift towards sustainable modes. They also discuss sustainability in terms of environment, energy, economic, and land use perspectives and consider the trends of motorization, vehicle growth, modal share, effects on mobility and environment, and transport energy consumption and emissions.

Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries addresses the growing resource needs and economics of public transport in developing countries, explains various aspects of public transport planning and management, and provides readers with a basic understanding of both urban and rural public transport planning and management in developing countries.

Reviews

"I am not aware of a book written so well covering public transportation topics in developing countries… I want to have this book on my shelf."

—Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA

"The main strength of this book is its relevancy to the context of developing countries. Behavior of traffic and its planning for developing countries is substantially different compared to those for developed countries. So, this book focuses on this aspect primarily and discusses the policy that needs to be taken for developing countries. Including the aspects of economics and finance related to public transport further makes this book complete."

—Pranamesh Chakraborty, Assistant Professor, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar

"The focus on public transport in emerging economies, with case studies from Indian cities such as Bangalore, is a particular strength of this book. This makes the book a good reference for understanding the current status of public transport planning and relevant issues in India. Several chapters in the book have benefited from a blend of the authors’ academic expertise and their practical experience in public transport planning."

—Abdul Rawoof Pinjari, University of South Florida

Table of Contents

Introduction

General

Status of urban transport in India and developing countries

Status of public transport with respect to coverage, feet strength, and utilization in urban areas

Sustainability and land use consideration

Demography and Settlement Patterns

Introduction

Demographic changes of India since 1950

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Migration to urban areas

Growth of slums in urban areas

Accessibility and mobility issues for rural settlements

Transport infrastructure scenario in India

Different Modes and Their Characteristics

Mode of transport

Transport systems definitions and classifications

Intermediate public transport

Public transport modes

Classification of mass transit modes

Integrated transport infrastructure approach

A look ahead in public transportation

Comparative analyses

Current Scenario of Public Transport (PT) in Developing Countries

Current perception of PT

Current planning and operational practices

Issues of coordination and level of services

Funding pattern

Differences in scenario with respect to developed countries

Public Transport Planning in Rural Areas

Planning strategy

Network planning

Travel demand estimation

Stakeholder consultation and preferences

Public transport mode options

Public Transport Planning In Urban Areas

Urban transport planning

Travel demand estimation

Efficient use of existing/proposed infrastructure

Routing and scheduling of public transport

Intermodal coordination

Stakeholder consultation and preferences

Feasibility for higher-order modes like BRT and Metro rail

Management of Public Transport

Urban transport management

Data collection, retrieval, and analysis for effective management

Role of private sector in public transport management

The global trend

Assessment of user satisfaction

Resource Needs for Public Transport

Financial performance of public transport organizations

Inter STU comparison

Review of the existing funding pattern

Estimation of resource requirements

Institutional finance for STUs

Innovative methods to generate revenue surpluses

Economics of Public Transport

Cost of public transport services

Manpower requirements

Estimation of social, economic, and environmental benefits

References and Bibliography

Index

About the Authors

Dr. Ashish Verma holds a Ph.D. from IIT Bombay and is currently serving as an assistant professor of transportation engineering at the Department of Civil Engineer and the Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation, and Urban Planning (CiSTUP) at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, India. He has authored more than 70 research publications in the areas of sustainable transportation and road safety. He is an editorial board member of leading international journals of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) and other publishers. More details about him can be seen on his home page at http://civil.iisc.ernet.in/ashishv/.

Professor T. V. Ramanayya holds a degree in civil engineering, a master's in transportation engineering, and a Ph.D. in transportation engineering, all from the Regional Engineering College (presently known as the National Institute of Technology) Warangal, Andhra Pradesh. He has four decades of experience (seven years in REC Warangal and 32 years at the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore) in teaching, training, research, and consultancy in the areas of transportation and urban infrastructure.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS042000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Management Science
POL002000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / City Planning & Urban Development
TEC009160
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Transport