This book brings together an influential group of academics and researchers to review key areas of research, theory and methodology within criminology and criminal justice, and to identify the most important new challenges facing the discipline. The contributors focus on the three central themes of punishment and criminal justice, location and mobility, and perpetrators and criminal careers, on which much cutting edge research within criminology has been taking place. A particular strength of the book is its multidisciplinary and international approach, with contributors drawn from Europe, the UK and the United States.
Part 1: Introduction 1. Challenges for criminological and criminal justice research, Gerben Bruinsma and Rolf Loeber 2. Criminology and criminal justice in Europe, Michael Tonry Part 2: Punishment and Criminal Justice 3. Risk assessment and criminal law: closing the gap between criminal law and criminology, Ybo Buruma 4. Actuarial justice and the modern state, Malcolm M. Feeley 5. Punishment, retribution and communication, R. Antony Duff 6. Of crimes and punishment, Hans F.M. Crombag 7. The weakest link: human rights and the criminal offender in modern democratic government, Franklin E. Zimring 8. European trends and transatlantic inspiration: youth offending and juvenile justice, Peter H. van der Laan 9. Reflections on the relationship between transnational policing and organized crime, James Sheptycki Part 3: Location and Mobility 10. The emergence of crime places in crime prevention, David Weisburd 11. The journey to crime, George F. Rengert 12. Decision models underlying the journey to crime, Henk Elffers 13. Transnational organized crime: new directions for empirical research and public policy, Henk van de Bunt and Edward Kleemans Part 4: Perpetrators and Criminal Careers 14. Analysis of criminal careers, Alfred Blumstein 15. The development of aggression: causes and trajectories, Willem Koops and Bram Orobio de Castro 16. A semi-parametric, group-based approach for analysing trajectories of development: a non-technical overview, Daniel S. Nagin 17. Peers, crime and the life course, Mark Warr 18. The changing role of delinquent peers in childhood and adolescence: issues, findings and puzzles, Frank M. Weerman