Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS  book cover
2nd Edition

Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS

ISBN 9781466584723
Published December 19, 2014 by CRC Press
334 Pages 99 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The second edition of a bestseller, Quantitative Methods and Socio-Economic Applications in GIS (previously titled Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS) details applications of quantitative methods in social science, planning, and public policy with a focus on spatial perspectives. The book integrates GIS and quantitative (computational) methods and demonstrates them in various policy-relevant socio-economic applications with step-by-step instructions and datasets. The book demonstrates the diversity of issues where GIS can be used to enhance the studies related to socio-economic issues and public policy.

See What’s New in the Second Edition:

  • All project instructions are in ArcGIS 10.2 using geodatabase datasets
  • New chapters on regionalization methods and Monte Carlo simulation
  • Popular tasks automated as a convenient toolkit: Huff Model, 2SFCA accessibility measure, regionalization, Garin-Lowry model, and Monte Carlo based spatial simulation
  • Advanced tasks now implemented in user-friendly programs or ArcGIS: centrality indices, wasteful commuting measure, p-median problem, and traffic simulation

Each chapter has one subject theme and introduces the method (or a group of related methods) most relevant to the theme. While each method is illustrated in a special case of application, it can also be used to analyze different issues. For example, spatial regression is used to examine the relationship between job access and homicide patterns; systems of linear equations are analyzed to predict urban land use patterns; linear programming is introduced to solve the problem of wasteful commuting and allocate healthcare facilities; and Monte Carlo technique is illustrated in simulating urban traffic.

The book illustrates the range of computational methods and covers common tasks and major issues encountered in a spatial environment. It provides a platform for learning technical skills and quantitative methods in the context of addressing real-world problems, giving you instant access to the tools to resolve major socio-economic issues.

Table of Contents

Getting Started with ArcGIS: Data Management and Basic Spatial Analysis Tools
Spatial and Attribute Data Management in ArcGIS
Spatial Analysis Tools in ArcGIS: Queries, Spatial Joins, and Map Overlays
Case Study 1: Mapping and Analyzing Population Density Pattern in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Identifying Contiguous Polygons by Spatial Analysis Tools
Measuring Distance and Time
Measures of Distance
Computing Network Distance and Time
The Distance Decay Rule
Case Study 2: Computing Distances and Travel Time to Public Hospitals in Louisiana
A: The Valued Graph Approach to the Shortest Route Problem
B: Estimating Travel Time Matrix by Google Maps API
Spatial Smoothing and Spatial Interpolation
Spatial Smoothing
Point-Based Spatial Interpolation
Case Study 3A: Mapping Place Names in Guangxi, China
Area-Based Spatial Interpolation
Case Study 3B: Area-Based Interpolations of Population in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
A: Empirical Bayes Estimation for Spatial Smoothing
B: The Network Hierarchical Weighting Method for Areal Interpolation
GIS-Based Trade Area Analysis and Application in Business Geography
Basic Methods for Trade Area Analysis
Gravity Models for Delineating Trade Areas
Case Study 4A: Defining Fan Bases of Cubs and White Sox in Chicago Region
Case Study 4B: Estimating Trade Areas of Public Hospitals in Louisiana
Concluding Remarks
A: Economic Foundation of the Gravity Model
B: A Toolkit for Implementing the Huff Model
GIS-Based Measures of Spatial Accessibility and Application in Examining Health Care Access
Issues on Accessibility
The Floating Catchment Area Methods
The Gravity-Based and Generalized 2SFCA Models
Case Study 5: Measuring Spatial Accessibility to Primary Care Physicians in Chicago Region
Concluding Comments
A: A Property of Accessibility Measures
B: A Toolkit of Automated Spatial Accessibility Measures
Function Fittings by Regressions and Application in Analyzing Urban Density Patterns
The Density Function Approach to Urban and Regional Structures
Function Fittings for Monocentric Models
Nonlinear and Weighted Regressions in Function Fittings
Function Fittings for Polycentric Models
Case Study 6: Analyzing Urban Density Patterns in Chicago Urban Area
Discussions and Summary
A: Deriving Urban Density Functions
B: Centrality Measures and Association with Urban Densities
OLS Regression for a Linear Bivariate Model
Principal Components, Factor and Cluster Analyses, and Application in Social Area Analysis
Principal Components Analysis
Factor Analysis
Cluster Analysis
Social Area Analysis
Case Study 7: Social Area Analysis in Beijing
Discussions and Summary
Discriminant Function Analysis
Spatial Statistics and Applications
The Centrographic Measures
Case Study 8A: Measuring Geographic Distributions of Racial-Ethnic Groups in Chicago Urban Area
Spatial Cluster Analysis Based on Feature Locations
Case Study 8B: Spatial Cluster Analysis of Place Names in Guangxi, China
Spatial Cluster Analysis Based on Feature Values
Spatial Regression
Case Study 8C: Spatial Cluster and Regression Analyses of Homicide Patterns in Chicago
Spatial Filtering Methods for Regression Analysis
Regionalization Methods and Application in Analysis of Cancer Data
The Small Population Problem and Regionalization
The Spatial Order and the Modified Scale-Space Clustering (MSSC) Methods
The REDCAP Method
Case Study 9: Constructing Geographical Areas for Analysis of Late-Stage Breast Cancer Risks in the Chicago Region
A: The Poisson-Based Regression Analysis
B: A Toolkit of the Mixed-Level Regionalization Method
System of Linear Equations and Application of Garin-Lowry Model in Simulating Urban Population and Employment Patterns
System of Linear Equations
The Garin-Lowry Model
Case Study 10: Simulating Population and Service Employment Distributions in a Hypothetical City
Discussion and Summary
A: The Input-Output Model
B: Solving a System of Nonlinear Equations
A Toolkit for Calibrating the Garin- Lowry Model
Cellular Automata (CA) for Urban Land Use Modeling
Linear Programming and Applications in Examining Wasteful Commuting and Allocating Health Care Providers
Linear Programming and the Simplex Algorithm
Case Study 11A: Measuring Wasteful Commuting in Columbus, Ohio
Integer Programming and Location-Allocation Problems
Case Study 11B: Allocating Health Care Providers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
A: Hamilton’s Model on Wasteful Commuting
B: Coding Linear Programming in SAS
A Programming Approach to Minimal Disparity in Accessibility
Monte Carlo Method and Its Application in Urban Traffic Simulation
Monte Carlo Simulation Method
Travel Demand Modeling
Examples of Monte Carlo-Based Spatial Simulation
Case Study 12: Monte Carlo-Based Traffic Simulation in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

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Fahui Wang is James J. Parsons Professor and Chair of the Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University (LSU), and recipient of LSU Distinguished Faculty Award (2018). He earned a BS degree in geography from Peking University, China, an MA degree in economics and a PhD degree in city and regional planning from The Ohio State University. His research interests include GIS applications in human geography (urban, economic, and transportation), city and regional planning, and public policy (crime and health). His work has been supported by the National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality and the National Institutes of Health), U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of Justice (National Institute of Justice and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China. He has published over 120 refereed articles. He is the editor of Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis (IDEA Group Publishers, 2005) and co-editor (with Xun Shi) of Applications of Geospatial Information Technologies in Public Health (Higher Education Press, 2016, in Chinese) and the author of Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS (CRC Press, 2006) and Quantitative Methods and Socioeconomic Applications in GIS (2nd ed., CRC Press, 2015).