Quantitative Psychological Research: The Complete Student's Companion, 4th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Quantitative Psychological Research

The Complete Student's Companion, 4th Edition

By David Clark-Carter


718 pages

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Paperback: 9781138226180
pub: 2018-12-07
Hardback: 9781138226173
pub: 2018-12-11
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315398143
pub: 2018-12-07
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Quantitative Psychological Research: The Complete Student's Companion expertly guides the reader through all the stages involved in undertaking quantitative psychological research: designing a study, choosing a sample of people, undertaking the study, analysing the data, and reporting the research.

Accessibly written and clearly presented, the book is designed for anyone learning to conduct quantitative psychological research. It covers the full research process, from the original idea to reporting the completed study, emphasising the importance of looking beyond statistical significance in evaluating data. The book provides step-by-step guidance on choosing, interpreting and reporting the appropriate analysis, featuring worked examples and extended calculations as appendices for advanced readers.

This edition features new chapters on exploratory factor analysis, logistic regression and Bayesian statistics, and has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect the latest research practices. Care has been taken to avoid tying the book to any specific statistical software, providing readers with a thorough grounding in the basics no matter which package they go on to use.

Whether you’re at the beginning of your undergraduate degree or working towards your masters or doctorate, this book will be invaluable for anyone looking to understand how to conduct quantitative psychological research.


'Clark-Carter has done an excellent job in updating this much-used textbook. The book should be an essential part of a university student’s reading at undergraduate level and a much-needed reference book at postgraduate level.

'The book provides a step-by-step guide to research that students and researchers will find extremely useful. This fourth edition provides consistently outstanding coverage of the core principles of psychological research. An informative and reader-friendly book.'

–Dr Zaheer Hussain, Senior Lecturer in Psychology, University of Derby, UK

Table of Contents


Detailed contents of chapters


Part 1


1 The methods used in psychological research

Part 2

Choice of topic, measures and research design

2 The preliminary stages of research

3 Variables and the validity of research designs

4 Research designs and their internal validity

Part 3


5 Asking questions I: interviews and surveys

6 Asking questions II: measuring attitudes and meaning

7 Observation and content analysis

Part 4

Data and analysis

8 Scales of measurement

9 Summarising and describing data

10 Going beyond description

11 Samples and populations

12 Analysis of differences between a single sample and a population

13 Effect size and power

14 Parametric and non-parametric tests

15 Analysis of differences between two levels of an independent variable

16 Preliminary analysis of designs with one independent variable with

more than two levels

17 Analysis of designs with more than one independent variable

18 Subsequent analysis after ANOVA or χ2

19 Analysis of relationships I: correlation

20 Analysis of relationships II: linear regression

21 Analysis of relationships III: logistic regression

22 Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)

23 Screening data

24 Exploratory factor analysis (EFA)

25 Multivariate analysis

26 Meta-analysis

27 Bayesian statistics

Part 5

Sharing the results

28 Reporting research


I. Descriptive statistics

(linked to Chapter 9)

II. Sampling and confidence intervals for proportions

(linked to Chapter 11)

III. Comparing a sample with a population

(linked to Chapter 12)

IV. The power of a one-group z-test

(linked to Chapter 13)

V. Data transformation and goodness-of-fit tests

(linked to Chapter 14)

VI. Seeking differences between two levels of an independent variable

(linked to Chapter 15)

VII. Seeking differences between more than two levels of an independent variable (linked to Chapter 16)

VIII. Analysis of designs with more than one independent variable

(linked to Chapter 17)

IX. Subsequent analysis after ANOVA or χ2

(linked to Chapter 18)

X. Correlation and reliability

(linked to Chapter 19)

XI. Linear regression

(linked to Chapter 20)

XII. Logistic regression

(linked to Chapter 21)


(linked to Chapter 22)

XIV. Evaluation of measures: item and discriminative analysis, and accuracy of tests

(linked to Chapter 6)

XV. Exploratory Factor Analysis

(linked to Chapter 24)

XVI. Meta-analysis

(linked to Chapter 26)

XVII. Probability tables

XVIII. Power tables

XIX. Miscellaneous tables


Glossary of symbols

Author index

Subject index

About the Author

David Clark-Carter is Emeritus Professor at Staffordshire University and Consultant Editor of the British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology. In 2016 he was awarded the lifetime achievement award by the Education and Public Engagement Board of the British Psychological Society.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Research & Methodology