Quantum Optics for Engineers  book cover
1st Edition

Quantum Optics for Engineers

ISBN 9781138077546
Published March 29, 2017 by CRC Press
444 Pages 189 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Quantum Optics for Engineers provides a transparent and methodical introduction to quantum optics via the Dirac's bra–ket notation with an emphasis on practical applications and basic aspects of quantum mechanics such as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and Schrodinger's equation.

Self-contained and using mainly first-year calculus and algebra tools, the book:

  • Illustrates the interferometric quantum origin of fundamental optical principles such as diffraction, refraction, and reflection
  • Provides a transparent introduction, via Dirac's notation, to the probability amplitude of quantum entanglement
  • Explains applications of the probability amplitude of quantum entanglement to optical communications, quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation, and quantum computing.

Quantum Optics for Engineers is succinct, transparent, and practical, revealing the intriguing world of quantum entanglement via many practical examples. Ample illustrations are used throughout its presentation and the theory is presented in a methodical, detailed approach.

Table of Contents

Brief Historical Perspective
Principles of Quantum Mechanics
The Feynman Lectures on Physics
Quantum Optics
Quantum Optics for Engineers

Planck’s Quantum Energy Equation
Planck’s Equation and Wave Optics

Uncertainty Principle
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Wave–Particle Duality
Feynman Approximation
Interferometric Approximation
Minimum Uncertainty Principle
Generalized Uncertainty Principle
Additional Versions of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Applications of the Uncertainty Principle in Optics

Dirac Quantum Optics
Dirac Notation in Optics
Dirac Quantum Principles
Interference and the Interferometric Equation
Coherent and Semicoherent Interferograms
Interferometric Equation in Two and Three Dimensions
Classical and Quantum Alternatives

Interference, Diffraction, Refraction, and Reflection via the Dirac Notation
Interference and Diffraction
Positive and Negative Refraction
Succinct Description of Optics

Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion
Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion
Double-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion
Multiple-Return-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion
Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Laser Pulse Compression

Dirac Notation Identities
Useful Identities
Linear Operations

Laser Excitation
Brief Laser Overview
Laser Excitation
Excitation and Emission Dynamics
Quantum Transition Probabilities and Cross Sections

Laser Oscillators Described via the Dirac Notation
Transverse and Longitudinal Modes
Laser Cavity Equation: An Intuitive Approach
Laser Cavity Equation via the Interferometric Equation

Interferometry via the Dirac Notation
Interference à la Dirac
Hanbury Brown–Twiss Interferometer
Two-Beam Interferometers
Multiple-Beam Interferometers
N-Slit Interferometer as a Wavelength Meter
Ramsey Interferometer

Secure Interferometric Communications in Free Space
N-Slit Interferometer for Secure Free-Space Optical Communications
Interferometric Characters
Propagation in Terrestrial Free Space

Schrödinger’s Equation
Schrödinger’s Mind
Heuristic Explicit Approach to Schrödinger’s Equation
Schrödinger’s Equation via the Dirac Notation
Time-Independent Schrödinger’s Equation
Introduction to the Hydrogen Equation

Introduction to Feynman Path Integrals
Classical Action
Quantum Link
Propagation through a Slit and the Uncertainty Principle
Feynman Diagrams in Optics

Matrix Aspects of Quantum Mechanics
Introduction to Vector and Matrix Algebra
Quantum Operators
Pauli Matrices
Introduction to the Density Matrix

Classical Polarization
Maxwell Equations
Polarization and Reflection
Jones Calculus
Polarizing Prisms
Polarization Rotators

Quantum Polarization
Linear Polarization
Polarization as a Two-State System
Density Matrix Notation

Entangled Polarizations: Probability Amplitudes and Experimental Configurations
Hamiltonian Approach
Interferometric Approach
Pryce–Ward–Snyder Probability Amplitude of Entanglement
Pryce–Ward–Snyder Probability
Pryce–Ward Experimental Arrangement
Wu–Shaknov Experiment

Quantum Computing
Interferometric Computer
Classical Logic Gates
Quantum Logic

Quantum Cryptography and Teleportation
Quantum Cryptography
Quantum Teleportation

Quantum Measurements
Interferometric Irreversible Measurements
Quantum Nondemolition Measurements
Soft Polarization Measurements
Soft Intersection of Interferometric Characters

Interpretational Issues in Quantum Mechanics
Bohm Polarization Projection of the EPR Argument
Bell’s Inequalities
Some Prominent Quantum Physicists on Issues of Interpretation
Eisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and EPR
van Kampen’s Quantum Theorems
On Probabilities and Probability Amplitudes
Comment on the Interpretational Issue

Appendix A: Survey of Laser Emission Characteristics
Appendix B: Brief Survey of Laser Resonators and Laser Cavities
Appendix C: Ray Transfer Matrices
Appendix D: Multiple-Prism Dispersion Series
Appendix E: Complex Numbers
Appendix F: Trigonometric Identities
Appendix G: Calculus Basics
Appendix H: Poincaré’s Space
Appendix I: N-Slit Interferometric Calculations
Appendix J: N-Slit Interferometric Calculations—Numerical Approach
Appendix K: Physical Constants and Optical Quantities

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"Duarte's book is a welcome addition to the family of optics texts because he stresses fundamental connections between classical and quantum optics. His review of the bedrock theory and experiments of several of the founders of quantum physics provides an instructive transition to recent developments in quantum optics, such as photon entanglement. Perhaps the most appealing aspect of this book is the treatment of classical optical concepts and phenomena in terms of a quantum formalism...Both graduate students and the experienced researcher will find this treatment of quantum optics to be illuminating and valuable...I look forward to having a copy in my personal library."
Professor J. Gary Eden, Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois

"Quantum Optics for Engineers is an original and unique book that describes classical and quantum optical phenomena, and the synergy between these two subjects, from an interferometric perspective. Dirac’s notation is used ... [to] provide a lucid explanation of quantum polarization entanglement.  The book will serve engineers with a minimum knowledge of quantum mechanics ... to understand modern experiments with lasers, optical communications, and the intriguing world of quantum entanglement."
––Ignacio E. Olivares, Universidad de Santiago de Chile

"Quantum Optics for Engineers provides a transparent and succinct description of the fundamentals of quantum optics using Dirac’s notation and ample illustrations. Particularly valuable is the explanation and elucidation of quantum entanglement from an interferometric perspective. The cohesiveness provided by the unified use of Dirac’s notation, emphasizing physics rather than mathematics, is particularly useful for those trained in engineering. This will be a valuable asset to any optical engineer’s library."
––Anne M. Miller, RR Donnelley, USA

"This book is a concise and comprehensive presentation of numerous fundamental concepts related to the light nature and its interaction with matter. A very structured and logical route reveals step by step the rigorous theory of quantum optics. To some extent, the whole project can be fairly defined as unique. One of the heaviest tools in quantum optics, operator representation, is introduced in a very clear and straightforward way. Nature foundations and rather complicated mathematical tools are brought in a very elegant manner such that readers suddenly find themselves as experts in areas they would consider untouchable magic. The intriguing world of quantum entanglement is revealed via many practical examples."
––Sergei Popov, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden