Quaternary studies provide the essential context for evaluation of what is happening with the earth's climate today, and to clarify our vulnerability to hazardous natural processes. This book covers scientific aspects of past and present climatic changes of the quaternary period focused on the Indian subcontinent via response of modern environmental conditions on climate proxies, reconstruction of paleoclimate, paleomonsoon, glacial geology, climate variabilities using dendrochronology, cave deposits including quaternary tectonics and climate change over the Himalayan region. It consists of data generated from different landforms including lakes, caves, rivers, swamps, pits, and trenches using different proxies.
Aimed at researchers, graduate students, professionals in geology, geography and environmental sciences, micropaleontology, and Quaternary climate change, this book:
- Studies Quaternary climate using various proxies in varied environments on the Indian sub-continent
- Covers pertinent historical and environmental archives to understand the current climate scenario
- Discusses the impact of climate change on biotic and abiotic components
- Includes thorough review of paleoclimate change studies
- Devotes significant space to glacial geology and all glacial climate proxies
Table of Contents
Part 1: Response of Modern Environmental Conditions on Climate Proxies 1.Ostracod Diversity from Continental Slope Sediments of Gulf of Mannar, India: Bathymetry And Ecological Variations 2. Ecological Assessment of Recent Benthic Ostracoda off Kurusadai Island, Gulf of Mannar, India 3. Benthic Foraminiferal Distribution and its Ecological Studies in the Nearshore Environments off Palk Strait, East Coast of India Part 2: Glacial Geology 4. An Overview of the Glacial Geology and Glacial Based Evidences of Climate Change During Quaternary Period over Indian Sub-Continent Part 3: Reconstruction of Paleoclimate using Lake Sediments 5. Study of Lakes from Indian Subcontinent 6. Reconstruction of Paleoclimate using Lake Sediments with Special Reference to Ladakh 7. Vegetation History of Kolleru Lake Eastern Coast - an Insight into Holocene Climate Change Part 4: Climate Variabilities using Dendrochronology 8. Tree-Ring Based Four Centuries Soil Moisture Variability Reconstructions from Western Himalaya 9. Climatic Changes in Indian Subcontinent during Last Several Decades Based on Tree Ring Data - A Review 10. Reconstruction of Debris Flows Since 1758 C.E, from Lachung Valley Sikkim, The Eastern Himalaya Based on Tree-Ring Part 5: Climatic Variabilities using Cave Deposits 11. Understanding The Late Quaternary Climate Variability in India from a Speleothem Perspective 12. Review on Stalagmite and Stalactite Part 6: Reconstruction of Paleomonsoon 13. Sunspot as a Critical Forcing on the Indian Monsoon over the Indian Sub-Continent 14. Precipitation and Trophic Change Records in Response to Indian Monsoons since past Two Centuries: A Multiproxy Study of Sediment Core from Navegaon Bandh Lake 15. A 45-Ka Record of Productivity in the Western Bay of Bengal: Implications on the Indian Monsoon and Atlantic Climate 16. The Interplay of Mid to Late Holocene Tectonism and Northeast Monsoon on the Landscape Evolution: Palar River Basin, Southern Peninsular India Part 7: Quaternary Tectonics and Climate Change over Himalayan Region 17. Glacial Mass Change Induced Earthquakes in Himalayan Region of South Asia in Correspondence to Polar Region: One of the Proxies of Climate Change? 18. Seismo-Tectonics of the Shillong Plateau, Meghalaya Part 8: Plaeoenvironmental/Paleo Sea Level Changes 19. Pollen Analysis and Paleo-Environmental Studies of Archeological Deposits from Konkan Coast of India 20. A Synopsis of the Sea Level Changes in and around the Indian Subcontinent over the Holocene 21. Mid-Holocene Lacustrine Records of Climate and Vegetation Change from the Eastern Coastal Regions of India Part 9: Landscape and Geomorphological Changes 22. Active Tectonics-Climate Interaction in the Land Locked Basins of Central India 23. Landscape Evolution in Response to Tectono-Climatic Framework of the Indian Subcontinent during Quaternary: Few Case Studies
Dr. Khare, presently Adviser / Scientist G to the Government of India at MoES. has a very distinctive acumen not only of administration but also of quality science and research in his areas of expertise covering large spectrum of geographically distinct locations like Antarctic, Arctic, Southern Ocean, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean etc. Dr. Khare has almost 30 years of experience in the field of paleoclimate research using paleobiology (Paleontology) / teaching / science management /administration / coordination for scientific programmes (including Indian Polar Programme) etc. Having completed his doctorate (Ph.D) on tropical marine region and Doctor of Science (D.Sc) on Southern High latitude marine regions towards environmental / climatic implications using various proxies including foraminifera (micro-fossil), have made significant contributions in the field of Paleoclimatology of Southern high latitude regions (Antarctic and Southern Ocean) using Micropaleontology as a tool. These studies coupled with his palaeoclimatic reconstructions from tropical regions helped understand causal linkages and tele-connections between the processes taking place in Southern high latitudes with that of climate variability occurring in tropical regions. Dr. Khare has been conferred Honorary Professor and Adjunct Professor by many Indian Universities. He has very impressive list of publications to his credit (121 research articles in National and International Scientific journals; 3 Special Issues of National Scientific Journals as Guest Editor; Edited Special Issue of Polar Science (Elsevier) as its Managing Editor. Authored/ edited many books, 130 Abstracts have been contributed to various seminars; 23 Popular Science Articles; 5 Technical reports). Government of India and many professional bodies have bestowed him with many prestigious Awards for his humble scientific contributions to Past climate changes/ Oceanography / Polar Science and Southern Oceanography The most coveted award is Rajiv Gandhi National Award -2013 conferred by Honourable President of India Other include ISCA YOUNG SCIENTIST AWARD, BOYSCAST FELLOWSHIP, CIES FRENCH FELLOWSHIP, KRISHNAN GOLD MEDAL, BEST SCIENTISTAWARD, EMINENT SCIENTIST AWARD, ISCA Platinum Jubilee Lecture, IGU Fellowship, besides many. Dr. Khare has made tremendous efforts to popularize ocean science and polar science across the country by way of delivering many Invited lectures, radio talks and publishing popular science articles. Dr. Khare has sailed in Arctic Ocean as a part of "Science PUB" in 2008 during the International Polar Year campaign for scientific exploration in Arctic Ocean and became the first Indian to sail in the Arctic Ocean.