7th Edition

Quick Reference Dictionary for Occupational Therapy

By Karen Jacobs, Laela Simon Copyright 2020

    A leading resource for occupational therapy practitioners and students for 20 years, now updated with the latest information in the profession, Quick Reference Dictionary for Occupational Therapy, Seventh Edition is a resource for daily practice and academic training. 

    Quick Reference Dictionary for Occupational Therapy, Seventh Edition by Dr. Karen Jacobs and Laela Simon remains the only comprehensive dictionary available specifically for occupational therapy. Containing more than 4,000 words and definitions, more than 60 appendices, and illustrations, graphs, and tables throughout, this definitive text has been updated with the latest information in current occupational therapy practice.

    New appendices in the Seventh Edition include:

    • Commonly Used Assessments
    • Emerging Practice Areas
    • Expand Your Knowledge
    • Grading Versus Adapting a Task
    • Hand Pathologies
    • State Regulatory Entities
    • Theories and Frames of Reference
    • Useful Apps

    A handy, conveniently sized reference in an easy-to-use format, Quick Reference Dictionary for Occupational Therapy, Seventh Edition gives occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, faculty, and students the most pertinent information they need day to day, right at their fingertips.



    About the Editors


    Dictionary of Terms


    List of Appendices

    Appendix 1: Acronyms and Abbreviations: General

    Appendix 2: Acronyms: Evaluations

    Appendix 3: Acronyms: Organizational

    Appendix 4: Adaptive Nutrition

    Appendix 5: American Occupational Therapy Association Core Values and Attitudes of Occupational Therapy Practice

    Appendix 6: American Occupational Therapy Association Statements

    Appendix 7: Basic Signs and Tips for Communicating With Individuals With Hearing Impairments

    Appendix 8: Bones of the Body

    Appendix 9: Braille Alphabet

    Appendix 10: Brunnstrom's Stages of Recovery

    Appendix 11: Burn Chart—Rule of Nines

    Appendix 12: Classifications of Seizures and Epilepsy

    Appendix 13: Commonly Used Assessments

    Appendix 14: Cranial Nerves

    Appendix 15: Definitions of Occupational Therapy

    Appendix 16: Diseases, Pathologies, and Syndromes Defined

    Appendix 17: Emerging Practice Areas

    Appendix 18: Energy Conservation Techniques

    Appendix 19: Evidence-Based Practice, Levels of Evidence, Qualitative Research, and Basic Statistics

    Appendix 20: Expand Your Knowledge

    Appendix 21: Functional Abilities by Spinal Cord Injury Level

    Appendix 22: Glasgow Coma Scale

    Appendix 23: Grading vs Adapting a Task

    Appendix 24: Grading Edema

    Appendix 25: Grading for Balance: Graded Posture Movement Ability of Individual

    Appendix 26: Grasp and Pinch Averages

    Appendix 27: Grip Development and Stages of Writing

    Appendix 28: Growth and Development in Early Childhood

    Appendix 29: Guidelines for Blood Pressure Management in Adults and Target Heart Rate

    Appendix 30: Hand Pathologies

    Appendix 31: Health Literacy

    Appendix 32: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

    Appendix 33: Laboratory Values

    Appendix 34: Legislation and Policy Decisions Affecting Rehabilitation

    Appendix 35: Levels of Assistance

    Appendix 36: Manual Muscle Testing

    Appendix 37: Medical Roots Terminology

    Appendix 38: Metabolic Equivalent (MET) Values for Activity and Exercise

    Appendix 39: Muscles of the Body

    Appendix 40: Muscles: Origin/Insertion/Action—Innervation—Blood Supply

    Appendix 41: Nutrition

    Appendix 42: Pharmacology

    Appendix 43: Positive Language

    Appendix 44: Rancho Los Amigos Scales of Cognitive Functioning

    Appendix 45: Range of Motion

    Appendix 46: Range of Motion: Illustrations

    Appendix 47: Reflex/Reaction

    Appendix 48: Safe Patient Handling and Movement Skills for Occupational Therapy Practitioners and Students

    Appendix 49: Splints

    Appendix 50: Stages of Alzheimer's Disease: Seven Stages From the Alzheimer's Foundation

    Appendix 51: Stages of Decubitus Ulcers

    Appendix 52: State Regulatory Entities

    Appendix 53: Symbols

    Appendix 54: Theories and Frames of Reference Used in Occupational Therapy

    Appendix 55: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Appendix 56: Total Hip Precautions

    Appendix 57: Useful Apps

    Appendix 58: Useful Spanish Phrases

    Appendix 59: Useful Spanish Words

    Appendix 60: Visual Impairment

    Appendix 61: Wheelchair Measurement Procedures

    Appendix 62: Workstation Checklist


    Karen Jacobs, EdD, OT, OTR, CPE, FAOTA has worked at Boston University, College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College  since 1983. Currently, she is the Associate Dean of Digital Learning & Innovation, a Clinical Professor and the Program Director of the on-line post-professional doctorate in occupational therapy (OTD) program.  She is a past president and vice president of the American Occupational Therapy Association, received the 2011 Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectureship, and was a 2005 recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship to the University of Akureyri in Akureyri, Iceland. She earned a doctoral degree at the University of Massachusetts, a Master of Science in occupational therapy. In addition to being an occupational therapist, Karen is also a certified professional ergonomist and the founding editor of the international, interprofessional journal WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation. Karen is a faculty-in-residence and lives in an apartment in one of the dormitories at Boston University. She is the mother of three children—Laela, Joshua, and Ariel—and the Amma (grandma in Icelandic) to Sophie, Zachary, Liberty, and Zane. She balances work with occupations such as cross-country skiing, kayaking, photography, and travel.

    Laela Simon, OTR/L received her degree in occupational therapy from Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, Tallahassee, Florida. She has been in clinical practice for more than 20 years, 10 of which was as a rehabilitation coordinator/manager with expertise in vestibular, neurological, and orthopedic rehabilitation. Laela and her husband, Craig, are the proud parents of Sophie and Zachary. Laela balances work with occupations such as music, art, travel, and spending time with her family.