1st Edition

Rare Earth Elements in Ultramafic and Mafic Rocks and their Minerals Minor and Accessory Minerals

By Felix P. Lesnov Copyright 2012
    324 Pages
    by CRC Press

    324 Pages
    by CRC Press

    This book presents an extensive overview of literature published globally in the last decades on REE distribution in minor and accessory minerals from various types of ultramafic, mafic, and other plutonic rocks. It is a continuation of the author’s work published in 2010: Rare Earth Elements in Ultramafic and Mafic Rocks and their Minerals. Main Types of Rocks. Rock-Forming Minerals.

    The analytical database created includes over 900 analyses of minerals, including garnets (341), chrome-spinels (38), ilmenites (160), zircons (210), apatites (62), titanites (51), perovskites (46) and micas (35). The book offers a brief historical background on REE distribution for each of the minerals and analytical methods for their determination; further, the main features of concentration of these impurities in the samples of different rocks and their manifestations are described and the regularities of REE distribution between coexisting phases, including parent melts, systematized available estimates of distribution coefficients are considered. REE isomorphism in these minerals is discussed as well as the possibilities of using data on REE distribution as typomorphic signs of determining the crystallization conditions of minerals. The numerous analyses of REE presented in this book can be used as reference data. Finally, there is an additional chapter on a new problem: the study of geochemical relations between REE and platinum group elements.

    As an overview of modern data on the geochemistry of REE in minor and accessory minerals from rocks of mafic-ultramafic complexes and as a reference book, this work will be of interest to a wide range of specialists studying petrology and geochemistry of products of ultramafic and mafic magmatism, including ore mineralization, as well as for graduate and undergraduate university students in geology departments.

    Brief survey of modern studies into the geochemistry of rare earth elements in garnets
    General regularity of REE distribution in garnets of the most common of their parageneses
    On the nature of sinusoidal chondrite-normalized REE patterns of garnets
    Coefficients of REE distribution between garnets and coexisting melts
    Coefficients of REE distribution between garnets and coexisting clinopyroxenes and other minerals
    Some crystal-chemical aspects of the REE isomorphism in garnets


    REE composition of ilmenites
    Coefficients of REE distribution between ilmenite and coexisting phases

    Key regularities of REE distribution in zircons from some types of magmatic and metamorphic rocks
    Coefficients of REE distribution between zircons and coexisting phases
    On the isomorphism of REE in zircons and conditions of their crystallization

    The REE composition of apatites
    The coefficients of REE distribution between apatite and melts as well as coexisting perovskites
    On isomorphism of REE in apatites




    Some general regularities of REE distribution in the minor and accessory minerals of ultramafic, mafic and some other rocks

    Geochemical relationship between REE and PGE in mafic and ultramafic rocks and their petrogenetic significance
    Mafic-ultramafic massifs in Tuva (Russia)
    Naransky massif (West Mongolia)
    Kokpektinsky massif (South Urals, Kazakhstan)
    Ultramafic xenoliths in alkaline basalts from Eifel and Vogelsberg provinces (Germany)
    Luobusa massif (Southern Tibet, China)
    Iti and Kallidromon massifs (Greece)
    Komatiite-basalt complex of North-West Vietnam
    Komatiite-basalt complexes of Gorgona Island (Colombia), Alexo (Ontario, Canada), Onverwacht, Barberton, Perseverance (Africa) and Kambalda (West Australia) provinces
    Bushveld massif (South Africa)
    Muskox massif (Canada)
    Galmoenan massif (Koryak highland, Russia)

    Subject index
    Author index


    Felix P. Lesnov is Senior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Geodynamics and Magmatism, V. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Member of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He specializes in research on mafic-ultramafic magmatism of folded regions (geology, petrology, petrochemistry, mineralogy, geochemistry, metallogeny), and he has (co-)authored more than 290 papers and nine monographs.