This book, first published in 1981, explores why it is that the modern built environment, while successfully providing material comfort and technical efficiency, none the less breeds despair and depression rather than inspires hope and commitment. The source of this paradox, where material benefits appear to have been gained only at the expense of intangible values and qualities is found in humanism, the persistent and powerful belief that all problems can be solved through the use of human reason. But humanism has become increasingly confused, rationalistic, callously devoted to efficiency, and authoritarian. These confusions and contradictions, together with the anti-nature stance of humanism and its failure to teach humane behaviour, lead the author to conclude that humanism is best rejected. Such rejection does not advocate the inhuman and anti-human, but requires instead a return to the ‘humility’ that lies at the origin of humanism – a respect for objects, creatures, environments and people. This ‘environmental humility’ is explored in the context of individuality of settings, ways of seeing landscapes, appropriation and ways of building places. This title will be of interest to students of human geography.
Table of Contents
Preface; Acknowledgements; Part 1: Landscape; 1. Introduction: Landscapes and the Ambivalence of Humanism 2. The Interrelated Histories of the Ideas of Landscape and Humanism 3. The Character of Modern Landscapes; Part 2: Humanism and its Deficiencies; 4. Varieties of Humanism 5. Humanistic and Scientistic Geographies 6. Deficiencies of Humanism; Part 3: Environmental Humility; 7. From Humanism to Environmental Humility 8. The Individuality of Places 9. Ways of Seeing Landscapes 10. Appropriation 11. Ethics and Sensitivity in Environmental Planning 12. Environmental Design and the Minimal State; Postscript; Bibliography; Index