Recipes for Science: An Introduction to Scientific Methods and Reasoning, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Recipes for Science

An Introduction to Scientific Methods and Reasoning, 1st Edition

By Angela Potochnik, Matteo Colombo, Cory Wright


336 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781138920736
pub: 2018-08-27
Hardback: 9781138920729
pub: 2018-09-07
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315686875
pub: 2018-08-06
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Today, scientific literacy is an essential aspect of any undergraduate education. Recipes for Science responds to this need by providing an accessible introduction to the nature of science and scientific methods, reasoning, and concepts that is appropriate for any beginning college student. It is designed to be adaptable to a wide variety of different kinds of courses, such as introductions to scientific reasoning or critical thinking, philosophy of science, and science education. In any of these different uses, the book helps students better navigate our scientific, 21st-century world.

Key Features

  • Contemporary and historical examples of science from many fields of physical, life, and social sciences.
  • Visual aids to clarify and illustrate ideas.
  • Text boxes to explore related topics.
  • Plenty of exercises to ensure full student engagement and mastery of the information.
  • Annotated 'Further Reading' sections at the end of each chapter.
  • Final glossary with helpful definitions of key terms.
  • A companion website with author-developed and crowdsourced materials, including syllabi for courses using this textbook, bibliography of additional resources and online materials, sharable PowerPoint presentations and lecture notes, and additional exercises and extended projects.


"More often than not students acquire content knowledge about science, deprived from any explicit reflection about the methods, the reasoning and the uncertainties that characterize it. Even laboratory activities can take the form of implementing a cookbook recipe, simply following predetermined steps towards a "correct" answer. But this is not how science is done. If there are recipes, they are open to creativity and they vary enormously. Recipes for Science excellently shows this and provides very useful materials for explicit reflection about the nature of science."

Kostas Kampourakis, University of Geneva, Switzerland

"Recipes for Science is clear and very readable, providing students

with a solid philosophical background in issues surrounding scientific

reasoning and methodologies, fleshed out with well-chosen, compelling

examples. Either on its own, or as a basis from which to build, this

will be a welcome text in scientific reasoning and philosophy of

science classes."

Jonathan Michael Kaplan, Oregon State University

Table of Contents


List of Figures


Introduction: Science and Your Everyday Life

Chapter 1: What is Science?

§1.1 The Importance of Science

§1.2 Defining Science

§1.3 Recipes for Science

Chapter 2: Experiments and Studies

§2.1 Experiment: Connecting Hypotheses to Observations

§2.2 The Perfectly Controlled Experiment

§2.3 Experimental and Non-Experimental Methods

Chapter 3: Models and Modeling

§3.1 Models in Science

§3.2 Varieties of Models

§3.3 Learning from Models

Chapter 4: Patterns of Inference

§4.1 Deductive Reasoning

§4.2 Deductive Reasoning in Hypothesis-Testing

§4.3 Inductive and Abductive Reasoning

Chapter 5: Statistics and Probability

§5.1 The Roles of Statistics and Probability

§5.2 Basic Probability Theory

§5.3 Descriptive Statistics

Chapter 6: Statistical Inference

§6.1 Generalizing from Descriptive Statistics

§6.2 Using Statistics to Test Hypotheses

§6.3 A Different Approach to Statistical Inference

Chapter 7: Causal Reasoning

§7.1 What is Causation?

§7.2 Testing Causal Hypotheses

§7.3 Causal Modeling

Chapter 8: Explanations, Theories, and Values

§8.1 Understanding the world

§8.2 Theories and Theory Change

§8.3 Science, Society, and Values




About the Authors

Angela Potochnik is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center for Public Engagement with Science at the University of Cincinnati, USA.

Matteo Colombo is Assistant Professor in the Tilburg Center for Logic, Ethics, and Philosophy of Science, and in the Department of Philosophy at Tilburg University, the Netherlands.

Cory Wright is Professor of Philosophy and Director of Graduate Studies at California State University Long Beach, USA.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: