This book contains papers, presented at the ITA World Tunnelling Congress 2003 held in Amsterdam, which reflects the state of the art with regard to research, analysis, design and practical experience in almost all fields of tunnelling and underground space construction.
Opening address 1. Some critical and positive comments concerning building underground Keynote lectures 2. Reclaiming the underground space of large cities in Japan 3. Safety in tunnelling and underground construction – an Australian perspective 4. The “Big Dig” of Boston, Massachussetts: lessons to learn 5. Engineering the underground Underground space use 6. 25 years of experience with sport facilities in rock in Norway 7. Sijtwende, a prime example of multiple use of space in the Netherlands 8. Ombla multipurpose hydropower system 9. Sestao station, Line 2, Bilbao Metro 10. Underground space construction 11. Prague metro one nave driven station 12. Designing for safety, a new approach to safety in underground and multiple space use constructions 13. Development and application of the large-section shallow tunnelling methods to large-scale underground space 14. The A86 underground west loop – safety in the tunnel reserved for light vehicles 15. Atlantic Avenue Station – underpinning and passageway modifications 16. Emergency shafts for the Boortunnel Groene Hart, HSL-Zuid high-speed railway line “Damwandpolder” new building method for lowered infrastructure 17. Sustainability of underground space 18. Performance and reliability based service life design for the Green Heart Tunnel 19. Durability assessment of a railway tunnel 20. Optimisation of decisions in the process of creating and operating tunnels 21. Tunnels as a sustainable environmental solution – a case study 22. Rock tunnelling challenges in Manhattan 23. Excavating a pyroclastic plateau using deep-well dewatering in the Hakkoda Tunnel, Japan 24. Quality control during construction of the Green Heart Tunnel on the basis of service life design 25. Prevention of alkali–silica reaction at the Green Heart Tunnel project 26. Aboveground provisions in the landscape Safety 27. Ex post evaluation of the decision making process about the safety level of the Westerschelde tunnel 28. The characteristics of fires in large-scale tunnels on fire experiments inside the Shimizu No. 3 tunnel on the New Tomei Expressway 29. The automation of the aeraulic response in the case of fire in a tunnel – first concrete answers 30. Smoke build-up resulting from hydraulic oil fires in a 5.6m2 tunnel 31. How to decide on restrictions to transport of dangerous goods 32. Model-based predictive control of road tunnel portal emissions 33. Behavior of drivers during tunnel evacuation 34. Fire and temperature protection at the exhaust shaft of the Gotthard-Base-Tunnel 35. The status of road tunnel firesafety in Korea 36. Spalling of concrete tunnel linings in fire 37. Safety approach of mass transit metrosystem North/South Metroline, Amsterdam 38. Upgrading the fire safety of existing tunnels in Europe: A 13 M EUR European research project 39. The multiple use of sprinkler systems in the Betuweroute tunnels from a civil engineering perspective 40. The involvement of the public in planning and evaluating tunnel interventions on transportation networks 41. Fire testing of precast tunnel elements Immersed tunnels and submerged floating tunnels (SFT) 42. Understanding immersed and floating tunnels 43. Immersed tunnels in the High Speed Railway Link in the Netherlands 44. The Caland Tunnel – innovative solutions in immersed tunnelling 45. A method for realignment or repair of immersed tunnels 46. New Tyne Crossing, Newcastle, joint venture of bored and immersed tunnel completes the link 47. Scrading® – a new approach to the foundation of concrete tunnel elements 48. Dutch High Speed Railway Immersed Tunnel Projects 49. A new concept for a steel shell submerged floating tunnel 50. Presentation in the ITA open session 51. Metro tunnels under the Vltava River 52. Immersed concrete tunnels in perspective 53. The elevated immersed tunnel 54. Flexible joints between elements for large deformation Cut-and-cover tunnelling 55. Design of cut-and-cover tunnels and stations: Current practice 56. Crossing of High Speed Railway and A15 motorway viaduct 57. Challenging cut-and-cover tunnel in Maastricht city centre 58. A complex trench under Amsterdam Central Station 59. Cut-and-cover tunnelling for Tokyo subway under three-level highway junction 60. Souterrain the Hague: Re-design construction method and recent experiences with grout layers 61. Souterrain the Hague: Scouring in case of sand boils through a jetgrout layer 62. Souterrain the Hague: Imperfections in jetgrout layers 63. Souterrain the Hague: Clogging of groundwater wells above a gel layer during construction of an underground tram station 64. Design and construction of RCC Culvert 65. Steel fiber reinforced underwater concrete slab for the Botlek Railway tunnel in the Netherlands 66. The design of an innovative composite wall for a deep excavation under Amsterdam Central Station 67. Deep entrances for the Oude Maas and Dordtsche Kil tunnels Rock tunnelling 68. Motorway tunnelling through the karstic rocks and active seismic faults of Kakia Skala 69. Uetliberg motorway tunnel (Switzerland) 70. Continuous conveyor-based tunnel building in a soft-rock mountainous area – Hokuriku Shinkansen Line’s Asahi Tunnel (West Side) construction works 71. The reinforcement for a precipice of “Nikko Kegon fall” by anchoring from the inside shaft without surface structure 72. New evaluation procedure of the waterproofing systems for the Swiss Alpine base tunnels 73. Early behaviour of shot-sfrc as initial lining 74. Berg Bock Freeway Tunnel: Optimizing the heading technique and the operational safety for the tunnel built by the shotcrete method 75. Constructing the undersea rock tunnel using various tunnel excavation techniques – construction of a tunnel for discharging cooling water of a nuclear power plant 76. Mechanised gallery drivage in coal seams with igneous intrusions 77. Problems concerning cutting tool performance during TBM work: Modelisation and testing of the rock under the action of the tool 78. Tunnel T8, Egnatia Highway – final design based on rock mass classification and engineering modeling 79. Application of hazard zonation technique for tunnel design in soluble rocks 80. Particular failure mechanisms of weathered granite observed during construction of metro tunnels by TBM 81. Handling of geotechnical information for an underground project in rock 82. Risk analysis for design and construction aspects of Mala Kapela tunnel 83. Evaluation of mountain tunnel excavation method by means of 3D-numerical analysis 84. Tunnelling in rockfall deposits – dealing with extreme asymmetry 85. Vibration velocity and damage on existing tunnel lining at widening of existing tunnel by blasting 86. Tunnelling in an undermined area 87. Design and excavation of large-scale tunnels in squeezing rock 88. The construction and exploitation problems at Sveti Rok tunnel in Croatia 89. Shotcrete in underground excavation and influence of various parameters on its adhesion strength 90. Tunneling and countermeasure design in unexpected squeezing rock zone 91. Application of MBC analysis for a large section tunnel in jointed rock masses 92. The case study on using FRP multi-step grouting for reinforcement of tunnel in fracture zone 93. Shaft and tunnel lining design in brittle rock and very soft ground 94. Experience from the Southern Link, Stockholm and the future development in fibre-reinforced shotcrete