All European Communist parties define themselves largely in terms of their relationship, amicable or not, to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Consequently, most studies of relations between Communist parties emphasize interactions with the Soviets. However, not all the smaller European Communist parties interact strictly through the medium of Moscow. There exists an extensive, genuinely bilateral aspect to the relationship between Italian and Yugoslav Communists. Both have tended to seek distinctively national paths and, to differing degrees, both have been at odds with the Soviets. The history of Italo-Yugoslav nationality and border disputes, as well as major differences in how the two Communist parties have approached those disputes, has done much to condition inter-party relations.
Westview Special Studies -- Preface -- Introduction -- Communist Resistance and the National Question, 1941-1945 -- National Paths and Postwar Realities, 1945–1948 -- The Cominform Campaign, 1948–1954 -- Reconciliation, 1954–1960 -- The PCI and "Il Socialismo Reale," 1960–1983 -- Bibliographical Essay