The decade of the 1980s began in China with great expectations of the societal benefits of modernisation, and ended with gunfire in Tiananmen Square. This book, first published in 1991, presents essays that explore the political and economic reform policies that emerged in post-Mao China under Deng Xiaoping. In general, they conclude that the advent of partial marketization and structural reform tended to magnify structural contradictions rather than solve them.
1. Introduction: The Perils of Partial Reform Richard Baum 2. Socialist Reform and Sino-Soviet Convergence Lowell Dittmer 3. Economic Reform, Social Mobilization, and Democratization in Post-Mao China Nina P. Halpern 4. The Rise (and Fall) of Public Opinion in Post-Mao China Stanley Rosen 5. Urban Private Business and China’s Reforms Thomas B. Gold 6. Urban Reform and Relational Contracting in Post-Mao China: An Interpretation of the Transition from Plan to Market Dorothy J. Solinger 7. Market Reform and Disintegrative Corruption in Urban China Connie Squires Meaney 8. Partial Market Reform and Corruption in Rural China Jean C. Oi 9. Permanent Technological Revolution and China’s Tortuous Path to Democratizing Leninism Edward Friedman 10. Epilogue: Communism, Convergence, and China’s Political Convulsion Richard Baum